Canadian Labour Congress fonds [multiple media]
Notice descriptive – Brève
Canadian Labour Congress fonds [multiple media]
- Niveau hiérarchique :
- Date :
- Référence :
- R5699-0-4-E, MG28-I103
- Genre de documents :
- Documents textuels, Documents photographiques, Images en mouvement, Documents sonores, Art, Objets (incluant les médailles et épinglettes)
- Trouvé dans :
- Archives / Collections et fonds
- No d’identification :
- Contexte de cette notice :
Notice descriptive – Détails
- Fonds comprend :
192 description(s) de niveau inférieurVoir description(s) de niveau inférieur
- Date(s) :
- Lieu de création :
- Sans lieu, inconnu ou indéterminé
- Étendue :
129.96 m of textual records.
897 microfilm reels of textual records.
604 photographs b&w and col.
328 audio reels.
ca. 121 film reels.
30 audio cassettes.
60 wire recordings.
2 audio discs.
8 drawings. pen, ink, pencil.
6 prints offset lithographs.
- Langue du document :
- Portée et contenu :
Fonds consists of records of the Canadian Labour Congress and of its predecessors, the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada (TLC), the All-Canadian Congress of Labour (ACCL), and the Canadian Congress of Labour (CCL). The records of the CLC itself are dated 1849-1992 (predominant 1956-1984); they touch on all aspects of the CLC's functions and activities, and also incorporate files predating 1956 carried over from its immediate predecessors, the TLC and CCL. The CLC records pertain to CLC conventions; meetings of its Executive Council and Executive Committee; activities of the full-time officers (president, secretary-treasurer, and the executive vice presidents), including files of Claude Jodoin, Donald MacDonald, William Dodge, Joe Morris, Jean Beaudry, and other officers; activities and functions of the CLC's operational departments, including Organization, Legislation, Education, International Affairs, Government Employees, Federations and Councils, Political Education, Social and Community Programs, Union Label Trades, Research (and the combined Research and Legislation Department), and Public Relations; activities of department directors and other senior staff, such as Andy Andras, Frank Chafe, Eugene Forsey (including his research and writing on Canadian labour history), and Jim MacDonald; and other issues and projects, such as maritime transportation unions, conferences, and financial/administrative matters. The TLC records pertain to TLC conventions; meetings of its Executive Board and Council; affiliated national and international unions; federal and provincial governments, and legislative issues; affiliated provincial federations of labour and local labour councils; labour, social, and other affairs in various Canadian cities and towns; and financial/administrative matters. The TLC records are dated 1884-1958, but other than convention proceedings and executive minutes they are only comprehensive for the period 1940-1956. The records of the ACCL itself pertain to its Executive Board and Officers, affiliated national unions, chartered locals, and financial matters. Records of the CCL (incorporating extensive files inherited from its predecessor, the ACCL) are dated 1908-1979 (predominant 1927-1957), and include documentation on CCL and ACCL conventions; the CCL Executive Council and Committee, and the federation's officers; affiliated national and international unions; organization, including correspondence and reports from organizers and regional offices; directly chartered local unions; affiliated provincial federations of labour and local labour councils; legislative issues and relations with federal and provincial governments; education; international affairs; research; "The Canadian Unionist" and other public relations matters; and financial and administrative matters. The types of documentation in the fonds include textual files containing correspondence, minutes, proceedings, reports, submissions, briefs, organizing literature, collective agreements, certification and conciliation records, negotiations papers, lists, records of votes, decisions, course outlines, educational materials, manuals, constitutions, speeches, charters, legal and court papers, transcripts, press releases and other publicity material, print matter, financial records, and other papers; photographs; sound recordings; films; and documentary art such as medals, prints, and drawings. Photographic material depicts national and international activities, events, conventions, as well as the training facilities of, the Canadian Labor Union, the Trades and Labour Congress of Canada, the All-Canadian Congress of Labour, the Canadian Congress of Labour, the International Labour Organization, as well as other trade unions and labour organizations. Some individuals depicted photographically include: Silby Barrett, Jean Beaudry, Percy R. Bengough, John W. Bruce, John W. Buckley, Shirley Carr, John W. Carter, Patrick Conroy, Bill Craig, J.A. D'Oust, William Dodge, Norman S. Dowd, Patrick M. Draper, George W. Dower, Henry Harm, Bert Hepworth, Claude Jodoin, Alfred E. Jury, Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King, Charles March, William Magness, Julien Major, Donald MacDonald, Golda Meir, Humphrey Mitchell, David A. Moore, Tom Moore, Joe Morris, Aaron R. Mosher, Daniel O'Donoghue, Ralph Smith, Bernard Shane, Robert J. Tallon, Henry Weisbach, J. Whitehouse, and J.S. Woodsworth. Other photographic depictions include: International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, Stockholm, 1953; International Ladies Garment Workers Union, Toronto, 1953; Lithographers and Photoengravers International, Detroit, 1965; 1st Interamerican Labor Economic Conference, Brazil, 1961; the funeral procession of union leader and organizer Thomas Bélanger and striker François Thériault who were killed October 8, 1906, Buckingham, Québec; portraits of individuals and groups associated with CLC and the international labour movement and delegates to the ILO; panoramic group photo of delegates to the New Party Founding Convention, Ottawa, Ontario, 1961; panoramic photo of delegates attending the International Typographical Union Convention, Providence, Rhode Island, 10-15 August 1914; panoramic photo of the B.C. Federation of Labour and Canadian Labour Congress merger convention, Vancouver, 15-17 November 1956; the Union Printers Home (International Typographical Union), Colorado Springs, Colorado; S.S. Halifax, Nova Scotia, 28 February 1942; group photograph by Karsh of leaders of the CCF including T.C. Douglas, Angus MacInnis, A.A. Heaps, J.S. Woodsworth, M.J. Coldwell, and Grace MacInnis, Ottawa, ca. 1940. Other photographic material depicts: McCall-Frontenac Oil Co, Ltd. refineries and operations in Montréal, Toronto, and Saint John; signing of an agreement between the Department of Telephones of Saskatchewan and the United Telephone Workers of Canada, Locals 1,2, and 3, 1945; the 1957 strike by the United Steelworkers of America against Gaspé Copper Mines, Murdochville, Québec; group portraits of the Annual President's Banquets of the Spanish River Pulp & Paper Mills Limited at Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, 1921, 1923, 1926; delegates to the 1922 and 1935 conventions of the International Brotherhood of Pulp & Sulphite & Paper Mill Workers at Buffalo, New York. Audio visual material consists of films on Canadian labour produced between the 1950's and 1970's; a documentary film about working people entitled Song of the people, produced by the Co-Operative Wholesale Society (Great Britain); convention tapes of the Canadian Labour Congress and other miscellaneous items; speeches and proceedings on conventions and seminars of the Canadian Labour Congress; audio recordings of the proceedings of the 1982 Canadian Labour Congress convention held in Winnipeg and the proceedings of the 1984 convention held in Montreal; and a collection of songs about the Canadian labour movement performed by The Travellers entitled A century of song, produced by Arc Sound Ltd., Toronto, 1967. Art material consists of copies of a poster entitled "Building a World that Works. Peace, Jobs, Justice."; posters produced by the CLC entitled "Let's tell the Government we won't take it anymore, down with interest rates" and "Disons au Governement Qu'on en a assez! A Bas les taux interet!" (1981); posters requesting support for the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions Activities (ICFTU) entitled "International Solidarity"; portrait drawings (after photographs) of prominent Canadian unionists J.S. Woodsworth, Silby Barrett, Aaron Mosher, Percy Bengough, Daniel Donoughue, Claude Jodoin, and John Bruce; and a cartoon entitled "The Non-Returnables about Coca-Cola in Guatemala". Medallic items consist of badges and buttons from Trades and Labour Congress of Canada, Canadian Congress of Labour, Canadian Labour Congress, Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, International Woodworkers of America, Office and Professional Workers Organizing Committee, and the Saskatoon Labour Council; a group of four sample rectangular shaped metal identification name badges, with various types of ribbons, containing printed attached texts; 1 Detlor, Ontario, Loyal Orange Association ribbon; 1 London, Ontario, International United Brewery ribbon; 1 London, Ontario, National Beverage Workers Union badge; 3 ACCL Boilermakers' and Iron Shipbuilders' Union lapel buttons; 1 ACCL 4-31 Montréal lapel button; 1 Canadian Congress of labour ABCWC lapel button; 1 badge from Hoosier Lodge No. 4, Muncie, Indiana, of the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers of North America; and 1 badge from the Sydney Lodge No. 1, Sydney, Nova Scotia, of the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers of North America.
- Provenance :
- Nom(s) additionnel(s) :
- Biographie/Histoire administrative :
Canadian Labour Congress : The Canadian Labour Congress (CLC), Canada's largest and most influential labour federation, was formed in 1956 by the merger of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada (TLC) and the Canadian Congress of Labour (CCL). The TLC and CCL had started to examine prospects for unity in 1953, paralleling similar discussions in the United States between their American counterparts, the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations. Joint TLC-CCL Unity Committee meetings were followed by a no-raiding agreement in 1954 and a merger agreement in May 1955. The CLC expanded soon after its April 1956 founding convention when the One Big Union and a number of the traditionally independent railway brotherhoods joined the new federation. The CLC's overall membership has, since 1956, both grown substantially and changed in composition. At the time of the 1956 merger, there were 117 affiliated national and international unions and about 400 local unions that had been chartered directly by the TLC and CCL, with a combined membership of just over 1,000,000 Canadian workers. By the early 1990s, there were 72 affiliated national and international unions, the decrease owing in part to the process of mergers between unions; by 1998, the number of directly chartered locals had decreased to 10, often through the transfer of these locals to affiliated national and international unions. In 1998 the combined membership of the unions in the CLC was about 2,600,000 (roughly two-thirds of the Canadian labour movement). The CLC receives most of its funding from a per capita tax based on the membership of affiliated unions. The congress's membership dropped in 1981 following the suspension of several international building and construction trades unions, which left to form a new labour central, the Canadian Federation of Labour (CFL). Following the decline of the CFL in the 1990s, and its demise in 1997, many of these building and construction unions have since re-joined the CLC. The proportion of members in national and international (US-based) unions has changed markedly since 1956. While most members belonged to internationals at the time of the CLC's founding, there has been a steady increase in the relative membership in national unions. Two factors underlying this transition have been the decision of the Canadian membership of some internationals to form their own unions (such as the Canadian Auto Workers); and the great expansion in national public-sector unions (such as the Canadian Union of Public Employees [CUPE]). The gender composition of the CLC has also changed substantially since 1956, when the labour movement was predominantly based in blue-collar industries and male in its membership and leadership. The feminization of the CLC is in part a consequence of the advances in organization among public-sector and office workers in such unions as the CUPE. The CLC's fundamental policies are set at its constitutional conventions, which were held biennially from 1956 to 1996, and have been held triennially since 1999. The CLC Executive Council, which is responsible for policy decisions between conventions, has had a varying composition. In addition to the four elected full-time officers (the president, secretary-treasurer, and two executive vice presidents), the Executive Council has included elected, designated, and ex-officio vice presidents (general, at-large, regional, and provincial); in 1992, the Executive Council expanded to include vice presidents for visible minorities and gender-affirmative action, and in 1996 a vice president for the Aboriginal community was added. A smaller Executive Committee takes care of the day-to-day operation of the congress. An advisory body called the General Board (consisting of the Executive Council plus one representative from each affiliated national and international union) was established in the CLC's first constitution, but was soon dropped. The first president of the CLC was Claude Jodoin, who served from 1956 to 1967. He was succeeded by Donald MacDonald (1967-1974; acting president during 1967-1968), Joe Morris (1974-1978), Dennis McDermott (1978-1986), Shirley Carr (1986-1992), Robert White (1992-1999), and Ken Georgetti (since 1999). Donald MacDonald was the CLC's first secretary-treasurer, serving from 1956 to 1967. He was followed by William Dodge (1967-1974), Donald Montgomery (1974-1984), Shirley Carr (1984-1986), Richard Mercier (1986-1992), Dick Martin (1992-1999), and Nancy Riche (since 1999). Many of the principle functions and activities of the CLC are reflected in the names of the departments established at the CLC's founding in 1956. These were: the Organization Department, which was concerned with organizational issues (such as organizing, collective bargaining, strikes and lockouts, and jurisdictional questions) of affiliated national and international unions and of directly chartered local unions; the Legislation Department, concerned with legislative and government issues at the federal and other levels; the Government Employees Department, concerned with the rights of government and public employees; the International Affairs Department, responsible for CLC's international relations and policies; the Education Department, concerned with labour education; the Political Education Department, responsible for support for the New Democratic Party (NDP) and other aspects of the CLC's political programme; the Federations and Councils Department, concerned with affiliated provincial federations of labour and local labour councils; the Public Relations Department, responsible for the CLC's journal "Canadian Labour / Le Travailleur Canadien" and other aspects of the congress's communications programme; the Research Department; and the Union Label Trades Department. The departmental structure established in 1956 has since undergone several re-organizations and additions, such as the establishment of the Social and Community Programs Department in 1970, the Women's Bureau (1977), and Health and Safety (ca. 1984). Each CLC department normally reports to one of the full-time officers, each of whom is responsible for a portfolio of the congress's departments and functions. More information on the functions and activities of the CLC's departments is available in the series descriptions for the records of those departments. In addition to the work carried out by departments, the CLC has from time to time also undertaken special projects and campaigns. Some of the more prominent were: the New Party movement that transformed the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation into the NDP, 1958-1961; the campaign of the 1960s and 1970s to organize white-collar (office and technical) workers; the 14 October 1976 Day of Protest, a national general strike against wage controls; and campaigns beginning in the 1980s against de-regulation and free trade. Since the 1980s there has been an increased emphasis on achieving labour's goals by building coalitions with other community groups (for example, the National Health Coalition and the Action Canada Network). While many of the CLC's staff are based at its headquarters in Ottawa, other staff (including representatives and regional directors of organization and education) are based in regional offices. The CLC has maintained regional headquarters in Vancouver and Burnaby (Pacific Region), Regina (Prairie Region), Toronto (Ontario Region), Moncton (Atlantic Region), and until ca. 1989 Montreal (Quebec Region), as well as offices in other cities. In addition to its operational departments, the CLC has standing and advisory committees devoted to several of its main areas of activity. The membership of these committees has typically consisted of CLC officers, senior staff (often in the capacity of secretary), and representatives from affiliated unions. The areas for which there have been committees include automation and technological change, economic policy, education, employment, government employees, health and safety, human rights, international affairs, organization, political education and action, public relations, retirement, welfare/social services, white-collar organization, women workers, and the status of women. The congress has also organized committees and councils of unions in specific industries, such as the Farm Implement Committee, the Maritime Committee, and the National Council of Broadcast Unions. The CLC established an ongoing Commission on Constitution and Structure in order to review the overall structure and role of the federation. With the Co-operative Union of Canada, the CLC participated in the National Labour-Co-operative Committee, which sought to create closer ties between the labour and co-operative movements. Below the national level, the CLC has chartered provincial federations of labour and, at the municipal level, local labour councils to provide a focus and voice for organized labour at the provincial and community levels. Immediately after the 1956 merger, dual federations and councils sponsored by the TLC and the CCL existed in many places. These dual federations and councils were soon merged into single bodies. The affiliated federations and councils collaborate with the CLC national office in many areas, including labour education, political action, and legislative matters. The Fédération des travailleurs et travailleuses du Québec has acquired special status, and since 1994 has controlled some aspects of organization, education, and international affairs in that province. At the international level, the CLC is an affiliate of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions and has also participated in such bodies as the International Labour Organization and the Commonwealth Trade Union Council.
- Instrument de recherche :
Textual record (Électronique) Finding Aid MSS492 is a list of textual records in the fonds. Part 1 is file list of containers 1 to 535. Part 2 is a file list of microfilm reels numbered from H-17 to H-923. Part 3 consists of printed reports from a database listing of files in containers 536 to 689, related microfilm copies, and microfilm reels M-9601 to M-9608; the database itself is temporarily available only in the Economic and Governance Archives Section, Canadian Archives Branch. Note that folders in containers 581 to 689 are only identified by the container and folder numbers; while a file list is included in each of these containers, researchers should nevertheless make note of the appropriate container and folder numbers while consulting Part 3 of the finding aid. MSS0492 (90: Ouvert)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000002232.pdfTextual record (Papier) The Microfilm Shelf List serves as the finding aid to microfilm reels not listed in finding aid MSS492. MSS2001 (90: Ouvert)Medallic (Papier) Medal inventory card. 10566 (99: Fermé pour fins de traitement)Medallic (acc. no. 1981-030) (Électronique) item level description available on-line. See lower level descriptions at "Consists of" link. (90: Ouvert)Medallic (Papier) Medal inventory cards. 11895, 11896 (99: Fermé pour fins de traitement)Medallic (acc. no. 1983-020) (Électronique) Item level descriptions available on-line. See lower level descriptions at "Consists of" link. (90: Ouvert)Medallic (Papier) Medal inventory cards. 10341, 10342, 10343 (99: Fermé pour fins de traitement)Medallic (acc. no. 1981-016) (Électronique) Item level descriptions available on-line. See lower level descriptions at "Consists of" link. (90: Ouvert)Medallic (Papier) Medal inventory cards. 10344, 10345, 10346, 10347 (99: Fermé pour fins de traitement)Medallic (acc. no. 1981-017) (Électronique) Item level descriptions available on-line. See lower level descriptions at "Consists of" link. (90: Ouvert)Moving images (Électronique) Refer to Film, Video and Sound database in Archivianet for item-level descriptions. (Limites non établies)Sound recordings (Électronique) Refer to Film, Video and Sound database in Archivianet for item-level descriptions. (90: Ouvert)
- Information additionnelle :
- Historique de la conservation :
- Received from the Canadian Labour Congress in several transfers between 1970 and 1996. The CLC Executive Council and Executive Committee minutes for 1978-1982 were microfilmed in 1986 from originals held by the CLC (reels M-7783 to M-7787). Convention proceedings of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada and the All-Canadian Congress of Labour were transferred from the National Archives Library in 2001 (microfilm reels M-9601 to M-9608).
- Note sur le classement :
- The CLC fonds incorporates records of its predecessor federations, the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, the All-Canadian Congress of Labour, and the Canadian Congress of Labour. In addition to the files of the CLC itself, distinct bodies of records from the predecessors have been arranged and described as sous-fonds. Files concerning predecessors can also be found in the records of successors; for example, the CCL sous-fonds includes extensive files from its predecessor, the ACCL, and the CLC fonds contains files first created by the TLC and CCL.
- Note sur les autres formats physiques disponibles :
Textual record: Originals in the Trades and Labor Congress series (volumes 1-20 only) are also available on 16mm microfilm, reels H-2224 to H-2243; see Appendix "C" to finding aid MSS492 (part 1), or the microfilm shelf list, for the contents of each reel. Charters of the All-Canadian Congress of Labour, the Canadian Congress of Labour, and the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada in volumes 499 and 500 are mostly also available on microfilm, reels M-5475 and M-5476., As part of its records management programme, the CLC carried out extensive microfilming of its dormant textual files in the 1970s and early 1980s. The microfilm copy (now reels H-17 to H-923 and H-2888 to H-2922) was transferred to the Archives in 1982 and 1996, and many the original files were also received separately. Descriptions of series and sub-series in the CLC fonds indicate the equivalence between originals and CLC microfilms, where this information is available. Finding aid MSS492 (part 1) also includes, as Appendix "D", a listing of equivalent CLC microfilms and series of original files. While the microfilm copy and the original files usually correspond closely, researchers should not assume that they are identical.
- Note(s) sur le contenant :
690 : 4 panoramas flattened and rehoused (from container 2000728057, there was no link to 1966-024 in that container). One identified as eighth annual convention of Canadian Congress of labour October 11-15, 1948
- Vedette-matière :
- Canada. Dept. of Labour
- International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
- American Federation of Labor
- New Democratic Party
- Trade-unions - Organizing, 1918-1977 Eugene A. Forsey, 1937-1968
- Trade-unions - Canada, 1918-1977 David Kwavnick, 1952-1973
- Trade Unions - Canada, 1918-1977 William Dodge, 1956-1974
- Trade-unions - Law and legislation - Canada, 1945-1958 Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, 1917-1956
- Trade-unions - Local unions, 1943-1958 All-Canadian Congress of Labour, 1927-1940
- Labour Research, 1931-1958
- CCL Labour, 1943-1952
- Congress News, 1943-1949
- The Canadian Unionist, 1928-1956
- World Federation of Trade Unions, 1943-1958
- National Federation of Unemployed Workers, 1949-1955
- Joseph MacKenzie, 1949-1955
- National Labour Party (Edmonton, Alta.), 1935
- Unemployment Insurance Commission, 1921-1962
- HRH, The Duke of Edinburgh's Second Commonwealth Study Conference, 1962
- Trade Unions in Canada, 1948-1968
- Claude Jodoin, 1950-1967
- Organized Labour and Pressure Politics, 1972
- TLC-CCL Unity Committee, ca.1954-1956
- United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers of America, 1939-1961
- Donald MacDonald, 1938-1959
- Congress of Industrial Organizations, ca.1936-1955
- Canadian Jewish Congress, 1921-1956
- Workers Educational Association of Canada, 1921-1956
- International Brotherhood of Teamsters, ca.1952-1968
- Association of Commercial and Technical Employees, 1960's-1970's
- Canada-Wide Industrial Pension Plan, 1971-1975
- Andy Andras, ca.1940s-1973
- Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, 1972-1974
- Trade Union Advisory Committee, 1972-1974
- Jack Williams, 1954-1970
- CLC News, 1956-1958
- Gérard Rancourt, 1962-1977
- Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, 1874-1898
- Canadian Labour, 1952-1956
- Christian Labour Association of Canada, 1958-1972
- International Union of Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers, ca. 1940-1962
- New Party Founding Convention, 1961
- Eileen Tallman, 1950-1951
- Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union, 1950-1951
- T. Eaton Company, 1950-1951
- Maritime Labour Institute (Dalhousie University), 1944
- National Association of Steam and Hot Water Fitters and Helpers of America, [1893-1894]
- Seafarers' International Union of Canada, ca. 1958-1968
- Canadian Maritime Union, ca. 1958-1968
- Jean Beaudry, 1955-1974
- Unemployment Insurance Commission, 1968-1974
- Dominion Steelworkers' Mutual Benefit Society, 1953
- Waffle Movement, ca. 1972
- British Columbia Government Employees Association, 1950-1954
- Source :
- Ancien no de référence archivistique :
Pour réserver ou acheter des documents
- Conditions d'accès :
- Modalités d'utilisation :
Textual records: Volumes 1 to 20 (files of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada) have been withdrawn from circulation; researchers must use the microfilm copy.
Photographs (acc. no. 1994-365): Use and/or reproduction with written permission of the Canadian Labour Congress. Various copyrights; Crown copyright on reproductions. Credit: National Archives of Canada.
All other photographs (except those by Karsh): No restrictions on use or reproduction. Various copyrights on items less than 50 years old; copyright expired on items greater than 50 years old. Credit: name of photographer / National Archives of Canada / copy negative number.
Moving images: Reproduction with written permission of copyright holders.
Sound recordings: Reproduction with written permission of copyright holders.
Sound recordings (acc. no. 1986-0447; 1997-0411 and 1981-0052): use and/or reproduction with written permission of the Secretary Treasurer of the CLC.
Drawings and prints (acc. nos. 1981-090, 1984-082, 1982-010): No restrictions on use or reproduction. Copyright unknown. Credit: National Archives of Canada.
Print (acc. no. 1986-070): No restrictions on use or reproduction. Copyright: Canadian Labour Congress. Credit: National Archives of Canada.
Drawing (acc. no. 1980-083): No restrictions on use or reproduction. Copyright: Roy Carless. Credit: National Archives of Canada.
Medals (acc. no 1994-365, 1981-030): No restrictions on use or reproduction. Copyright expired. Credit: National Archives of Canada.
Medals (acc. no. 1983-020, 1996-440): No restrictions on use or reproduction. Copyright: Canadian Labour Congress. Credit: National Archives of Canada.
Medals (acc. nos. 1981-016, 1981-017): No restrictions on use or reproduction. Copyright unknown. Credit: National Archives of Canada.
- Date de modification :