Norman M. Paterson Corporate and family fonds [multiple media]
Notice descriptive – Brève
Norman M. Paterson Corporate and family fonds [multiple media]
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- Genre de documents :
- Dessins d'architecture et techniques, Art, Documents photographiques, Images en mouvement, Cartes et documents cartographiques, Objets (incluant les médailles et épinglettes), Documents sonores, Documents textuels, Timbres-poste et produits
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- Archives / Collections et fonds
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- Contexte de cette notice :
Notice descriptive – Détails
- Fonds comprend :
11 description(s) de niveau inférieurVoir description(s) de niveau inférieur
- Date(s) :
- Lieu de création :
- Pays de publication additionel :
- États-Unis, Italie, Argentine, Alaska, Autriche, Bermudes, Sri Lanka, Chine, Angleterre, France, Groenland, Géorgie (République), Allemagne, Lieux divers
- Étendue :
142.79 m of textual records.
1275 technical drawings.
3 architectural drawings.
93 prints : b&w and col. prints; postcards; posters, drawings.
3 audio cassettes (1.80 h).
1 videocassette (5 min).
2 captain safety keys.
1 engraved plate : in bronze.
5 panes stamps and 500 stamps.
- Langue du document :
- Langue du document additionnelle :
- anglais, français
- Portée et contenu :
The Paterson Corporate and Family archives is an impressive archival fonds that fully documents the life of a distinguished and prominent Canadian family. They provide valuable insight into the economic and political development of Canada during the twentieth century. Norman McLeod Paterson entered the grain trade in 1908 just as the Prairie Provinces were being settled. The business that he founded during the Laurier boom not only survived, but also prospered during the early twentieth century. It overcame the trials and hardships of both the Great Depression and the Second World War to become one of Canada's greatest family-owned enterprises. This fonds documents two sectors of Canadian economic development that are underrepresented in LAC's holdings, agriculture in the Prairie Provinces and the shipping industry on the Great Lakes and Eastern Canada. These records help fill significant gaps in LAC's coverage of the 20th century Canadian economic and business development. The correspondence and financial records in this fonds related to grain marketing compliment from the private side the Canadian Grain Commission fonds and the Canadian What Board records held by LAC. The material relating to Paterson Steamships Ltd. (and its successors) include detailed correspondence, financial records and a virtually complete set of logbooks. It should be noted, however, that the records of the Canadian Wheat Board comprise only 90 centimetres of textual documents and the records from the Canadian Grain Commission total 15 metres. The material relating to Paterson Steamships Ltd. (and its successors) include detailed correspondence, financial records and a complete set of logbooks produced by captains and chief engineers. The N. M. Paterson archival fonds contains types of documentation not found in records of Canada Steamship Lines (CSL) and Algoma Central Marine. For example neither of these fonds include a complete set of logbooks. The records of CSL are held by Queen's University Archives and the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston. The Algoma records are held by the Sault Ste. Marie Public Library. The Paterson marine records when used with the archival holdings of other repositories provide a sufficient set of post-1930 corporate Canadian Great Lakes shipping records. While it is difficult to say where the family's archives end and corporate records begins, particularly with regard to Norman Paterson's career, a working definition would include all of the documentation not directly related to business activities. Of particular interest are the family's contributions to the nation, notably its philanthropy, and the war service of Donald S. Paterson and John N. Paterson. The family archives consists of diaries, family correspondence, family photographs and other type of personal documentation. The corporate records include all types of documentation relating to enterprises in which family members either controlled or had an interest in. These include: the grain trade, shipping, mining, pulp and paper, financial services, local Thunder Bay interests (Kam Lumber, Mount McKay Railway, etc.) The records of the grain trade and the shipping industry are the most prominent examples in the archives but the documentation relating to other businesses is significant if only to illustrate the breath of the family's activities. The scope of the business archives includes all forms of documentation: correspondence, diaries, memoranda, log books, minute books, financial records, ledgers, contracts, reports, photographs, plans and drawings, some historical art, etc.
- Provenance :
- Nom(s) additionnel(s) :
- Biographie/Histoire administrative :
Norman M. Paterson Corporate and family : In 1908, Norman M. Paterson founded the company under the name of N.M. Paterson Co. in Fort William, Ontario (now Thunder Bay). In August 25, 1915, the name of his company changed to N. M. Paterson Company Limited. The primary business activity during these early and formative years involved buying bulk screenings from elevators and selling them for shipment in the east. In 1912, Paterson built a small terminal elevator called "Elevator K" in Fort William which had a capacity of 75,000 bushels. Three years later, a second terminal facility in Fort William was constructed, which, after reconstruction in 1927, had a storage capacity of nearly 4 million bushels and where grain was handled until 1977. In May 1914, the company entered into the line elevator business after purchasing 12 line elevators from Royal Elevator Company and then establishing the Interior Elevator Company. In 1916, 12 new elevators were purchased - 11 in 1917 and 23 in 1918. By August 1920, when the Interior Elevator Company was amalgamated into N. M. Paterson Company Limited, 76 line elevators were owned in Manitoba and Saskatchewan and, by 1928, the company owned 107 line elevators. To begin transporting grain to Eastern Canada for export, Paterson invested in a fleet of Great Lakes vessels. On February 10, 1926, Paterson Steamships Limited was created. Prior to this, the company had already been operating 7 vessels, which began in 1915 with the purchase of their first vessel, the S.S. Van Allen. The year of 1926, however, marked the company's official entry into the shipping business. In the same year, 11 vessels were purchased from the Interlake Steamship Company of Cleveland, Ohio. These vessels were named after provinces and cities in Canada with a "DOC" suffix to designate "Dominion of Canada". This system of nomenclature continued after 1926 for all Paterson vessels with two exceptions, the S.S. "Paterson" (1954-1984) bore the company name and the laker "Senator of Canada" (1957-1985), which was named to honour the company and its founder, Norman M. Paterson. The Paterson fleet underwent further expansion between 1927 and 1929 with the addition of 18 canallers, which were built in England by the shipbuilding company Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson. By the end of 1929, the Paterson fleet consisted of 11 Upper Lakers and 20 canallers. In the same year, Paterson Steamships became the second largest Canadian shipping company to operate on the Great Lakes. The Paterson enterprises survived the Great Depression with some difficulty. However, Mr. Paterson began investing in other growing industries - namely in mining exploration and prospecting in Canada. In 1938, three additional vessels were purchased for the Paterson fleet and by 1939, the company had 33 vessels in operation. During the Second World War, most vessels were involved in hauling ore cargoes to steel centres, but 16 of the Paterson ships were commissioned for war service. Although the main order of business involved the shipment of bauxite in the Caribbean and British Guiana (now Guyana), some of the Paterson vessels were utilized overseas, which included involvement in D-Day operations. In total, 7 canallers from the Paterson fleet were lost through enemy action. During the post-war years, business conditions began to improve and the company was able to return to prosperity once again. After his appointment to the Senate, most of the decision-making of day-to-day operations for the company was turned over to Paterson's two sons, Donald S. and John N. On July 31, 1950, the company was renamed N. M. Paterson & Sons Limited. The Paterson fleet was rebuilt to meet the demands of the post-war economy and in 1961, 40 vessels sailed the Inland Waterways. In the 1960s, the company diversified its business into a wide variety of activities including iron mining and metal fabrication. A new generation of post-war vessels were brought into service which included new bulk freighters for inland lakes and Seaway service as well as small vessels which traded from the Head of the Lakes to the Maritimes and going as far south as Miami, Tampico or to South American ports. Similarly, operations in the West underwent great changes. Holdings within the Grain Division of the company were streamlined through a process of consolidation, closures and elevator reconstruction. During the 1970s and 1980s, the company owned 78 elevators facilities with a combined capacity of 235,580 tonnes of bushels - all of which continue to be expanded. In 1981, John N. Paterson passed away and Donald S. Paterson of Winnipeg succeeded his brother as Chairman and President of N.M. Paterson & Sons Limited until his death in 2006. Since the 1990s, N. M. Paterson & Sons Limited has been controlled and operated by third-generation descendants of Norman M. Paterson. Today, Robert J. and Donald C. Paterson, sons of John N. Paterson, are involved in the day-to-day activities of the company. Norman and Andrew B. Paterson, sons of Donald S. Paterson are also involved in the company's grain operation. In 2001 the company - Paterson GlobalFoods Inc. - divested itself of its shipping interests and began offering export standard cleaning services for grain products. In addition to this, the company now offers Canadian grain producers as well as independent elevators on-site chemical and fertilizer facilities. Facilities for cleaning and bagging speciality seed products are also offered.
- No d'instrument de recherche :
- Instrument de recherche :
Multiple media (Électronique) The finding aid for textual records is a list of all files arranged by Series and Sub-Series and then, in alphabetic and chronological order in each Series and Sub-Series. MSS2530 (90: Ouvert)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf002/p000003547.pdfGraphic material (Photo) (Électronique) The finding aid for photographs provides a description of all items by Series and Sub-Series. (90: Ouvert)Cartographic material and tehcnical drawings (Électronique) The finding aid for cartographic records, technical and architectural drawings provides a description of all items by Series and Sub-Series. (90: Ouvert)
- Information additionnelle :
- Conservation :
- All nitrate photographs were regrouped and arranged in container 713.
- Note sur le classement :
The intellectual and physical classification of the fonds respect the historical integrity of the company, any affiliated companies and the overall context of the creation of records. All types of records are arranged and described as they were originally accumulated overtime: by names of the founder and managers, and by divisional structure of the company. The fonds is divided into 11 major Series which are sub-divided into Sub-Series: - Norman McLeod Paterson's Records Series; - John Norman Paterson's Records Series; - Donald S. Paterson's Records Series; - Grain's Division's Records Series; - Steamship Division's Records Series; - Administrative, Corporate and Operational Records Series; - Finance, Statements and Audits Records Series; - Estates: Lands and Properties Records Series; - Records related to the Company's History Series; - The Paterson Foundation's Records' Series; - Certificates, Diplomas and Honorary Degrees Series. These containers nos. 264, 282, 338, 463, 504, 515, 524-539, 552-553, 587-588, 594, 603, 612, 617, 649, 678-679, 694, 758, 727, 771-773, 798, 812, 906, 1273-1284, 1317, 1343, 1503, 1514-1515, 1520-1538, 1540-1546 do not exist.
- Note sur les autres formats physiques disponibles :
- Most of photographs were digitized by Library and Archives Canada between 2008 and 2010. Both original photographs and digitized copies are available. Please consult the list of photographs to retrieve Ecopy nos.
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