Cartwright fonds [multiple media]
Notice descriptive – Brève
Cartwright fonds [multiple media]
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- Genre de documents :
- Art, Documents photographiques, Documents textuels, Cartes et documents cartographiques, Objets (incluant les médailles et épinglettes)
- Trouvé dans :
- Archives / Collections et fonds
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- Contexte de cette notice :
Notice descriptive – Détails
- Fonds comprend :
5 description(s) de niveau inférieurVoir description(s) de niveau inférieur
- Date(s) :
- Lieu de création :
- Sans lieu, inconnu ou indéterminé
- Étendue :
43.2 cm of textual records
2 copper plates
4 birch bark boxes
- Langue du document :
- Portée et contenu :
Fonds consists of textual records relating to George and John Cartwright including the Addition to the Labrador Companion. 112 pages of notes on game and hunting, dogs, fishing techniques, equipment, survival skills needed in Labrador. Letters, both personal and business related, drawings for buildings and traps, a list of goods required for Labrador, list of traps with locations, list of workmen by occupation, a note on construction techniques, memorandum on how to work and trade with native people, letter stating his opinion (in 1818) about the futility of the British Navy expeditions for finding the North-West Passage; A Journal of Transactions and Events during a Residence of nearly 16 years on the Coast of Labrador (published in 1792) - 3 vol. Cartwright's own copy. Volume 3 has two inserted letters from George Cartwright; Arctic Zoology by Thomas Pennant - 3 vols. Published in 1784-5. With extensive annotations by George Cartwright, contradicting or extending Pennant's observations; The life and correspondence of Major Cartwright - 4 volumes (Vol I part I & II: 1759-1794; Vol 2 part I & II: 1794-1824 plus Appendices) These volumes were put together by Frances D. Cartwright who was Edmund Cartwright's (the third Cartwright brother) daughter but who was brought up by John Cartwright. They contain a compendium of printed texts, drawings, engravings, letters and notes relating to the life of John Cartwright with several references to his stay in Newfoundland (1766-1770). It also contains clippings about the Inuit visit in 1772 and a pamphlet, published in 1772 entitled Rights and Interests of Fishing Companies. The most significant item in these scrapbooks is the watercolour Portrait of Caubvick ca. 1772, likely done by Catherine Cartwright, sister of George and John which is inserted into Volume I of The Life and Correspondence of Major [John] Cartwright. Caubvick was one of five Inuit, taken by George Cartwright to London in 1772. The fonds also includes cartographic material including the Sketch of a bay in Labrador from one drawn by An Eskimeau Indian; as well as graphic material including Portrait of George Cartwright, ca. 1791-92 by William Hilton the Elder; Portrait of John Cartwright, 1789 by John Hoppner; Portrait of George Cartwright, 1792, copper plate engraved by Thomas Medland. The engraving from this plate was used as the frontispiece for A Journal of Transactions; Portrait of John Cartwright, 1789, copper plate engraved by Georg Siegmund Facius after the portrait by Hoppner; Portrait of John Cartwright, 1789, (2 copies) in Vol I part 1 of The Life and Correspondence of Major [John] Cartwright. In addition, the fonds contains four embroidered birchbark boxes embroidered, late -18th century made for the tourist industry by nuns in Quebec by nuns, showing Indigenous people engaged in various activities.
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- Biographie/Histoire administrative :
Cartwright, George, 1739-1819 : George Cartwright (1739-1819) was trained for but abandoned a military career to establish fishing and trapping operations on the Labrador coast between Cape Charles and Hamilton Inlet, later at Sandwich Bay. Encouraged by James Cook and Sir Joseph Banks, he pursued studies as a naturalist. Cartwright's 16 year stay in Labrador was marked by rivalry among English merchants, raids by American privateers, endemic hostility between native peoples and Europeans, and the problems created by the shared jurisdiction of Labrador by Quebec and Newfoundland. In his relations with native peoples, especially the Inuit, Cartwright displayed an honesty which led to mutual trust, unlike his contemporaries, such as John Peyton Sr. who took violent and brutal reprisals against the Beothuk. Cartwright's production of a lengthy report on the Beothuk in 1784, and publication of his A Journal of transactions and events, during a residence of nearly sixteen years on the coast of Labrador (3 vols, Newark, England 1792) earned him recognition as an expert who was frequently consulted before and after his retirement to England. His reports and published journal remain a treasured source of information on the flora and fauna, the geography and the native peoples of Labrador. John Cartwright (1740-1824) commanded Royal Navy vessels plying the waters around Newfoundland and along the Labrador coast from 1766 to 1770. In 1766, Hugh Palliser, governor of Newfoundland, appointed him his deputy in the district of Conception Bay and in the following year he became Deputy commissioner to the Vice-Admiralty Court in Newfoundland where he served with great efficiency for several years. He and Palliser worked together to expose the outrages perpetrated by British and other fishermen against the Inuit and the Beothuk. He also took the side of Irish fishermen who were often badly treated by the English merchants. In 1768 he documented an expedition to explore the interior of Newfoundland and establish relations with the Beothuk Indians in Remarks on the situation of the Red Indians ... which was a report sent to Palliser. This included four maps bearing illustrations of Beothuk material culture. This is a very important account on Beothuk culture and life. After retiring to England from the Royal Navy in 1774, he pursued political interests in England, producing over eighty publications. His publication Take Your Choice in 1776 was one of the first ever to propose universal manhood suffrage. A man who lived according to his principles, he resigned his commission in the Navy in 1775 because he would not bear arms against the American colonists. He transcended his background as a landed 18th century gentleman and laid the foundation for the modern notion of political inclusion.
- Information additionnelle :
- Historique de la conservation :
- By family descent. Purchased in 2008.
- Groupes de documents reliés :
- Miscellaneous Records: Captain George Cartwright and the Labrador fisheries. See Mikan no. 2710128, Major George Cartwright about 1770. See Mikan no. 2926571
- Source :
Pour réserver ou acheter des documents
- Conditions d'accès :
- Modalités d'utilisation :
Credit: Library and Archives Canada, Arch. ref. no. R13263.
Restrictions on use: None.
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