Lands Patent Branch [textual record (some microform), cartographic material]
Notice descriptive – Brève1
Lands Patent Branch [textual record (some microform), cartographic material]
- Niveau hiérarchique :
- Date :
- Référence :
- R190-48-9-E, RG15M 78903/3, RG15M 79003/41, RG15-D-III
- Genre de documents :
- Documents textuels, Cartes et documents cartographiques
- Trouvé dans :
- Archives / Collections et fonds
- No d’identification :
- Contexte de cette notice :
Notice descriptive – Détails
- Série comprend :
26 description(s) de niveau inférieurVoir description(s) de niveau inférieur
- Date(s) :
- Équivalent bilingue :
- Cliquez ici
- Lieu de création :
- Sans lieu, inconnu ou indéterminé
- Étendue :
258.75 m of textual records
ca. 22,675 aperture cards
ca. 4467 maps
- Langue du document :
- Portée et contenu :
Series consists of records created and maintained by the Land Patents Branch. The records primarily consist of registers (and indexes to these registers) documenting the alienation of land from the Crown under a variety of special granting schemes. Such grants were either made under the authority of the Dominion Lands Act or involved special legislation as in the case of military land grants.
RG15M 79003-41 consists of township plans of the Canadian West arranged by township range and meridian from east to west, and four miscellaneous items.
- Nom(s) additionnel(s) :
- Biographie/Histoire administrative :
Canada. Dept. of the Interior. Lands Patent Branch : The Lands Patents Branch was primarily responsible for issuing Letters Patent on Dominion Lands. Letters Patent are instruments issued by the Crown, which grant or confirm title to a portion of land. Letters Patent are issued as the first title to land, and they serve as proof that the land has been alienated from the Crown. Before Letters Patent could be issued to a homesteader, the land had to be accurately described and located through cadastral surveys. As well, the Dominion Lands Act required that each homesteader provide proof that the land had been improved that it had increased in value or utility through some additions (cultivation, building construction, etc.) costing labour and/or capital. The Dominion Lands Act clearly stipulated what improvements had to be made to a land grant before a homesteader would be issued his/her Letters Patent by the Crown. When a homesteader felt that he met all the conditions of his homestead entry, as outlined in the Dominion Lands Act, he filed an application or fiat with his local Dominion Lands Office. At first, the application was completely processed from Ottawa and required the approval of Cabinet, acting on the advice of officials from the Department of the Interior and Justice. The Patent itself was issued by the Registrar General's Office of the Department of the Secretary of State. But this arrangement proved to be far too awkward and bureaucratic. Consequently, in an effort to improve the situation, the revised Dominion Lands Act of 1883 (46 Vic., c. 17, s. 70) passed complete responsibility for the issuing of letters patent on western homesteads to the Department of the Interior. As a result of this move, the processing of the homesteader's application was to be divided between two separate agencies within the department: the Dominion Lands Board, which had been created just two years previously, and the Dominion Lands Office. The latter had always performed administrative tasks for the Department in the issuing of Lands Patent before passing them to the Department of the Secretary of State, but now under the new Act, it would be responsible for everything, exception adding the Great Seal of Canada. To assist the Branch in its added responsibilities, staff of the Department of the Secretary of State, who had been involved in the issuing of Letters Patent, were transferred to the Department of the Interior under Order-in-Council, P.C. 2489, 7-10 December 1883. By the end of the 1883-84 fiscal year, the Dominion Lands Office was renamed the Lands Patent Branch. Although Andrew Russell was still officially in charge of the unit, ill health prevented him from performing his duties, and William M. Goodeve filled the role of Chief Clerk on an acting assignment. Upon Russell's retirement about a year later, Goodeve was moved into the position on a permanent basis (see Order-in-Council, P.C. 564, 16 March 1885). On receipt of an application from the local lands office, the Dominion Lands Board was now given the responsibility of undertaking all initial screening and validation of the claim, including the dispatching of a homestead inspector to the property to confirm that the proper improvements had been made. If the Board approved the application, the fiat would then be forwarded to Ottawa for the "preparation and issuance of patents" by the Land Patents Branch. At first, the Letters Patent were completely hand-written, but by the time the new Land Patents Branch was fully functional, printed patents had been introduced, which helped to speed up the processing of the applications even further. After the formation of the Land Patents Branch, the only input required by other federal agencies was the application of the Great Seal of Canada by the Secretary of State. The new Land Patents Branch also administered applications for grants of land for churches, schools, and other purposes; applications for purchase of Dominion Lands; railway rights-of-way; and provincial roads through unpatented lands. From 1884 to 1928, the Branch was headed by a chief clerk who reported to the Deputy Minister of Dominion Lands. When the settlement of the Prairies was near completion in 1928, the Branch was down graded to Divisional status, and the Commissioner of Dominion Lands took direct responsibility for the issuing of Letters Patent. After the transfer of natural resources to the western provinces in 1930, the Land Patents Division continued its function but its jurisdiction was limited to the Yukon and the Northwest Territories. When the Department of the Interior was finally disbanded in 1936, the Registrar of Dominion Land Patents was placed under the Department of Mines and Resources. It remained in this department from 11 January 1937 to 17 November 1949. For the short period from 28 January 1950 to 19 June 1950, the Registrar was under the Department of Resources and Development. RG15 General Inventory
- Instrument de recherche :
Cartographic material; textual record (Papier) Finding aid consists of a detailed item listing. The researcher is also referred to township plans in the main collection and to other accessions of RG15. RG15M 79003/41. Finding aid available in main reference room. (90: Ouvert)
- Information additionnelle :
- Source du titre :
- Title is based on the contents of the series.
- Historique de la conservation :
- RG15M 79003/41 transferred to the Public Archives of Canada by the Realty Policy Division of Parks Canada in 1980.
- Données mathématiques sur les documents :
- Cartographic material: RG15M 79003/41 - Scales differ.
- Groupes de documents reliés :
- Since the Land Patents Branch functioned throughout most of its history under the authority of the Commissioner of Dominion Lands, it did not maintain a separate registry system, but instead filed much of its day-to-day correspondence with the Dominion Lands Branch. What remains of these records today can be found in the Branch registry sub-series of this fonds (MIKAN 156349, R190-36-2-E, RG15-D-II-1)., The issuing of Letters Patent on Indian reserve lands was eventually also transferred from of the Registrar General. In October 1886 the Department of Indian Affairs assumed this responsibility. However, the Registrar's Branch of the Secretary of State continued to issue Letters Patent on Ordnance and Admiralty Lands up to 1960 (see appendix 4.3e of the RG 68 inventory).
- Source :
- Ancien no de référence archivistique :
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- Modalités d'utilisation :
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