International Union of Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America fonds [multiple media]
Record Information – Brief1
International Union of Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America fonds [multiple media]Hierarchical level:FondsDate:[ca. 1935]-1985.Reference:R2854-0-3-E, MG28-I264Type of material:Textual material, Photographs, Art, Objects (including medals and pins)Found in:Archives / Collections and FondsItem ID number:99999Context of this record:
Record Information – DetailsFonds includes:6 lower level description(s)View lower level description(s)Date(s):[ca. 1935]-1985.Place of creation:CanadaAdded country of publication:United StatesExtent:46.1 m of textual records.
746 photographs : 745 b&w.
24 prints : posters, 12 col. and 12 b&w ; 58 x 80 cm or smaller.
4 bumper stickers : col. ; 8 x 44 cm and 6 x 8 cm.
1 medal : bronze.
28 audio discs (Gray Audograph).
3 ribbons : col. ; 17 x 5 cm and 15 x 5 cm.
1 name tag : 8 x 5 cm.Language of material:EnglishAdded language of material:English, FrenchScope and content:Fonds documents: the operation and administration of the national office; the Montreal office, including IUE activities in Quebec, local unions, subject files, IUE conference board, labour relations with Canadian General Electric and Westinghouse; records of IUE representatives Al Knipfel (regarding locals in Western Ontario) and William "Bill" Miller (regarding locals in Eastern Ontario, organizing); the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America (UE); the IUE national and international offices; and reference files of print matter on the IUE and UE., Fonds includes photographs taken at IUE conventions, seminars, council meetings, strikes, contract negotiations, union executives, and unionized plants (1935-1979).
Fonds includes posters that document public outreach (regarding strikes, lockouts) and union education (regarding charitable causes, union programs, strike meetings, rival unions, etc.).Additional name(s):Biography/Administrative history:International Union of Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers : The International Union of Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America (IUE) was established in November 1949 by dissident members of the United Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers of America (UE) following the expulsion of that union from the Canadian Congress of Labour, and (in the United States) from the Congress of Industrial Organizations. In Canada, the UE expulsion was caused by its long support of Communist Party policies in areas of economic development and international politics, which its critics charged violated its basic purpose as a trade union. With the beginning of the Cold War in North America, the major labour federations wanted to end the influence of the communist trade unionists within their ranks. In Canada, the expulsion of the UE and other left-wing unions allowed the more moderate socialists within the labour movement to consolidate their influence and establish formal links to the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation. In the United States, the IUE and its president James Carey were able to win over a large number of former UE members to the new union, but in Canada the progress of the IUE was somewhat slower. In part this was due to the labour legislation in Canada which limited the opportunities for the IUE to solicit support from UE members. With the assistance of the Canadian Congress of Labour and a few staff representatives from the United States, the Canadian IUE established locals in Brockville, Cobourg, and Montreal, but lost a key battle with the UE over the Peterborough Canadian General Electric plant in the early 1950s. The bulk of the IUE membership was from Ontario and Quebec among employees working in the production of radio, television and sound equipment in such companies as RCA, Canadian General Electric, Canadian Admiral, Westinghouse, and a number of smaller manufacturers. Its membership included a high proportion of women, skilled workers, and white-collar employees. IUE locals in Canada were part of District 5 of the union, which was officially established in 1954 with George Hutchens as president. Before 1954, the Canadian district was under the control of its first director J.G. Morton, and from 1952 was directed by a provisional District Council. The President and Secretary-Treasurer of the District served on the International Executive Board of the IUE and represented the interests of Canadian workers. Leadership in the union was very stable with Hutchens serving as president until 1976 when he became the International Secretary-Treasurer. Evelyn McGarr served as Secretary-Treasurer of District 5 from 1954 to 1980. Glenn Pattinson became Canadian president in 1976. In 1982, the Canadian District separated from the International and soon afterwards began merger talks with the Communications Workers of Canada. In January 1984, convention delegates from these two unions approved the merger and created the Communications, Electronic, Electrical, Technical and Salaried Workers (later shortened to Communications and Electrical Workers of Canada). Glenn Pattinson became a vice-president of the new union.Finding aid:Textual records, graphic material and objects (Electronic) Finding aid for vols 1 to 163 is only available in paper format. Volumes 168 to 169; 198 to 242 are described at the file level electronically. MSS1648 (90: Open)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000000291.pdfGraphic (photo) (Paper) List of photo captions in accession file. (90: Open)Additional information:General Note:Please see official history "The IUE in Canada" by Terry Copp and Al Knipfel (Cummock Press, Elora, 1980). The conflict between the IUE and the UE is studied in sections of Douglas Neil Caldwell's "The United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers District 5, 1937 to 1956," (M.A. Thesis, University of Western Ontario, 1980) and in Irving Abella's "Nationalism, Communism and Canadian Labour" (Toronto University of Toronto Press, 1973)., The national office records were received in yearly instalments from 1981 to 1986; the Montreal office records in 1981; Al Knipfel's personal papers in 1981; and the personal papers of William Miller in 1975 and 1983.Related material:Related records on locals of the former IUE are available in the Communications and Electrical Workers of Canada (CWC) fonds (R3027 ; MG 28 I 443), and in particular in series on the CWC's Industrial Sector.Subject heading:
- Trade-unions - Organizing - Canada, 1936-1986 Canadian Labour Congress, 1949-1978
- Trade-unions - Electricians, 1936-1986 Ontario Federation of Labour, 1949-1978
- Trade-unions - Machinists - Canada, 1936-1986 New Democratic Party, 1949-1978
- Trade-unions - History, 1936-1986 Canadian General Electric, 1949-1978
- Trade-unions - Records and correspondence, 1946-1982 Westinghouse Canada, 1950-1979
- Trade-unions - Law, legislation, etc. - Canada, 1949-1978 Le Circuit, 1950-1979
- Labour leaders - Canada, 1953-1978 Fédération des Travailleurs du Québec, 1950-1979
- Labour leaders - United States, 1953-1978 Al Knipfel (William Allen), 1949-1978
- Trade-unions - Local unions, 1936-1974 Automatic Electric company (Lethbridge, Alberta), 1949-1978
- Bill Miller, 1936-1984
- Philips Electric Company, 1936-1984
- United Electrical Workers, 1936-1984
- Congress of Industrial Organizations, 1947-1975
- Brockville and District Labour Council, 1947-1975
- Proctor-Silex, 1946-1978
- Radio Corporation of America (R.C.A.), 1949-1979
- Labour - unions and organizations - archival fonds
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