Sir Henry James Warre fonds [textual record, graphic material]
Record Information – Brief
Sir Henry James Warre fonds [textual record, graphic material]
- Hierarchical level:
- [ca. 1835-1950].
- R5587-0-2-E, MG24-F71
- Type of material:
- Textual material, Art
- Found in:
- Archives / Collections and Fonds
- Item ID number:
- Context of this record:
Record Information – Details
- Fonds includes:
221 lower level description(s)View lower level description(s)
- [ca. 1835-1950].
- Place of creation:
30 cm of textual records.
1 microfilm reel : negative and positive.
- Language of material:
- Scope and content:
Fonds consists of many of Sir Henry James Warre's notebooks, sketchbooks and descriptive narratives relating to his years in North America, 1839-1846 (volumes 1-27), plus a small notebook compiled during his studies at Sandhurst in 1835 (volume 31); his memoirs of 1819-1856 (volume 28) and a typescript version of his memoirs for 1839-1846 as edited by his cousin Felix W. Warre about 1950 (volume 29); and a microfilm copy of the edited proofs of the memoirs 'In Days of Peace and Warre', 1835-c.1896, microfilm reel A-1821. Associated with them is the diary kept by his cousin Francis Warre during travels in North America, 1857 (volume 30). Warre created numerous journals and sketch-books during his military career and drew upon them to prepare official reports and his memoirs. The early journals include pencil sketches and watercolours. The notebooks, sketchbooks and memoirs have been arranged in chronological sequence, to the extent that the order of composition can be reconstructed. The progression from daily journal to memoirs ready for publication or formal report illustrates Warre's tailoring of his narrative to its audience. Warre's descriptions of his travels in Lower Canada and across the prairies to the Oregon Territory are rich in commentary on the country and its inhabitants, from a military and a political perspective. The fonds also consists of graphic materials: loose artworks, sketchbooks, and notebooks and journals with a significant graphic component. Five sketchbooks, 1840-1845, four of which contain journals, with 102 drawings and 12 watercolours, include one relating to a fishing trip on the lower Saguenay River, a second on a hunting expedition in the Missouri/Kansas area, the third of a Winter hunting trip up the St. Maurice River, the fourth of his journey to Oregon, the fifth of a journey between Cape Disappointment and Fort Victoria, all by Henry James Warre. There are 21 loose drawings and four sketchbooks, n.d., the latter entitled: 'Sketches and scraps in North America; Expedition in search of Moose Deer on the St. Maurice River 1842'; Journal to and from the Oregon Territory; and Journal in Winter at Fort Vancouver and return journey to the Red River Settlement, January-June 1846, also all by Henry James Warre.
- Biography/Administrative history:
Warre, Henry James, Sir, 1819-1898 : Sir Henry James Warre (1819-1898), army officer, artist, pursued a distinguished career in the British Army, chiefly with the 14th and 57th Regiments, in North America, the Crimean War, the Maori Wars in New Zealand, and in India. Following his studies at Sandhurst, 1832-1837, he was appointed aide-de-camp to his uncle, Lieutenant General Sir Richard Downes Jackson, then Commander-in-Chief of the Forces in North America. While in North America, 1839-1846, Warre travelled on inspection tours of garrisons, carried despatches to Washington, and in company with his fellow Lieutenant, Mervin Vavasour, made a secret military reconnaissance mission to the Oregon Territory, 1845-1846.
- Finding aid:
Textual records, graphic material (Electronic) The finding aid provides biographical information, a table correlating the originals with the various copy formats, technical notes on the documents, a descriptive list of the notebooks and sketchbooks, and a separate listing of the graphic material (much of which is held in the Visual and Sound Archives Division), including negative numbers for black and white negatives and color transparencies. MSS0731 (90: Open)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000001276.pdfGraphic material (Paper) Description; 21 loose drawings and four sketchbooks, n.d. by Henry James Warre (accession 1965-076 PIC): item level. available in accession file; (90: Open)(Electronic) All or some of the documents described have been digitized and are available at the following address: (90: Open)
http://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_mikan_98359(Electronic) Les documents décrits ont été complètement ou en partie numérisés et sont disponibles à l'adresse suivante : (90: Open)
- Additional information:
- General Note:
- The accession register for Nov. 1965 notes that an album/journal with drawings by H.J. Warre entitled, "Journal of Expedition in Search of Moose" was purchased. However, the microfiche series on Warre (Microfiche 15-20) lists several more sketchbooks purchased at the same time., The original diaries, sketchbooks and notebooks were acquired in 1965, 1971 and 1975. Microfilm reel A-1821 was acquired from the Picture Division in 1986, and that division had created it in 1973, from material in the possession of Michael Warre.
- Custodial history:
- The materials in this fonds were acquired from Mr. Michael Warre of London, England, or are copies of materials that were in his possession. An exception is the small notebook compiled during Warre's studies at Sandhurst in 1835 (volume 31) which was acquired from William P. Wolfe of Montreal, Quebec, in 1975.
- Location of originals note:
- Microfilm reel A-1821 Microfilmed from originals in the custody of Michael Warre of London, England (and originally accessioned as part of 1973-036 PIC).
- Availability of other formats note:
- Volumes 7-8, 14, 17-19, 29 Microfilmed in 1966 on reel C-2372., Volumes 1 to 28, 30 to 31, Finding Aid 731 Microfilmed in 1985 on reels H-1700 and H-1701., Volumes 2 to 3, 6 to 7, 12, 17 Photocopies were retained by the Manuscript Division when these volumes were transferred to the custody of the Visual and Sound Archives Division., Volumes 1 to 25, 27 to 28 Transcripts were prepared from the original volumes by the Picture Division staff during the 1970s to facilitate a major exhibition. They were transferred to the Manuscript Division in 1986 (accession 1988/0012), where they are now shelved as volumes 32 to 34. The transcripts are paginated in exact correlation with the originals., 21 loose drawings and four sketchbooks, n.d., by Henry James Warre (accession 1965-076 PIC) All items have been photographed., 21 loose drawings and four sketchbooks, n.d., by Henry James Warre (accession 1965-076 PIC) All items reproduced on microfiche (Microfiche 15-20).
- Exhibitions note:
- Works in this fonds have appeared in several exhibitions, including To the Oregon Territory, 1845-1846, with Lieut. Henry J. Warre; and Overland to Oregon in 1845..., both in 1976.
- Associated material note:
- Textual records and graphic materials related to Warre's career outside Canada, especially in New Zealand Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand.
- Related material:
Official correspondence and reports relating to Vavasour and Warre's reconnaissance mission to the Oregon Territory can be found among records of the Governor General's office (see RG 7, G 18, volume 109), the War Office (see MG 13, WO 1) and Foreign Office (see MG 16, FO 5). An extract of Warre and Vavasour's report was printed in the Imperial Blue Books for 1846., Microfiche 15-20 also reproduces works by Sir Henry James Warre acquired from sources other than Mr. Michael Warre, London, England. These consist of two items in the Coverdale collection (MF15:D4 in the microfiche series, item 1970-188-2059, Cat. No. 400 and MF15:D5, item 1970-188-2094, Cat. No. 401); a sketch from the journal Voyage to & life in Canada: 1839-1843, in the Manuscript Division collection (MF15:D6); the watercolour Jacques Cartier River, Near Quebec, purchased at auction (lot #154) from Sotheby Parke Bernet (Canada) Inc., Toronto, 2 November 1982, previously held by the Kaspar Gallery, Toronto, where it appeared as #20 in a list dated 12 January 1982 (MF15:D7, item 1982-204-3); and two items that were acquired from William Denny in 1939 (MF18:A5 I-21, item 1939-343-1; MF18:A6 I-22, item 1939-344-1). See the inventory in the file for accession 1965-076 (PIC)., Sir Henry James Warre published a set of lithographs entitled "Sketches in North America and the Oregon Territory" in London in 1848. This set consisted of 16 plates, twelve with single images on the plate, and four with two images on each plate, for a total of twenty views. The set was issued in green wrappers, and was accompanied by a title page, dedication page, five pages of text on three sheets, and a map of North America. The title page reads: "SKETCHES / IN / NORTH AMERICA / AND THE / OREGON TERRITORY / BY CAPTAIN HENRY JAMES WARRE / (A.D.C. to the late Commander of the Forces). / Lithographed, Printed and Published by / DICKINSON & C)., 114 NEW BOND STREET." The dedication page reads: "TO THE GOVERNOR, DEPUTY GOVERNOR, AND COMMITTEE / OF THE HONOURABLE THE HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY: / THIS WORK IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED, BY THEIR OBEDIENT HUMBLE SERVANT, HENRY J. WARRE." The sixteen plates are unnumbered and different sets of the lithographs invariably have the plates in a different order. The lithographs were printed in black with a single tint stone added. LAC has as many as four copies of some of the plates, all of which have different coloured tint stones. The sets are part of the Adam Shortt Fonds, the W.H. Coverdale Collection of Canadiana, the Peter Winkworth Collection of Canadiana, and a fourth set acquired sometime in the period before 1931. The plates in the set are as follows: Fort Garry; Falls of the Kamanis Taquoih [Kamanastikwia] River; Buffalo Hunting on the Western Prairies (top) and Forcing a Passage through the Burning Prairie (bottom); Distant View of the Rocky Mountains; The Rocky Mountains; Fort Vancouver (top) and Indian Tomb (bottom); Valley of the Willamette River; The American Village; Mount Baker (top) and Cape Disappointment (bottom); Fort George (top) and McGillivray River (bottom); Les Dalles, Columbia River; Mount Hood from Les Dalles; Mount Hood; Falls of the Peloos [Palouse] River; The Rocky Mountains from the Columbia River, Looking N.W.; Source of the Columbia River., LAC owns 19 preparatory wash drawings by the artist and lithographer Thomas Miles Richardson (1813-1890) which relate directly to the lithographs published by Henry James Warre in 1848. These wash drawings were probably worked up from Warre's original sketches in order to allow the lithographer to copy the compositions onto stone, and to regularize the size of the images. One preparatory drawing, for the work An Indian Tomb, is not among the 19 drawings, and was once formerly in a private collection in Ottawa, but is now lost. There is also one other lithograph after the work of Henry James Warre in the LAC's holdings. Described as having been drawn by Mrs. Shirley and Mr. Warre, A.D.C., it is entitled "Sleighing in Canada, on the River St. Lawrence, Facing Montreal, 1841".
- Subject heading:
- Upper Canada - Description and travel
- Lower Canada - hunting and fishing, 1839-1846 "In Days of Peace and War", 1835-[ca.1896]
- Lower Canada - winter sports, 1839-1846 Oregon Territory - boundary dispute, 1845-1846
- Artists - Lower Canada, 1839-1846 Oregon-British Columbia - boundary
- Lower Canada - description and travel, 1839-1846 Columbia River (British Columbia and Oregon Territory) - exploration of
- British North America - description and travel, 1839-1846, 1857
- Former archival reference no.:
Ordering and Viewing Options
- Conditions of access:
The microfilm of Sir Henry James Warre's memoirs 'In Days of Peace and War', microfilm reel A-1821, and the typescript version of Sir Henry James Warre's memoirs, as edited by Felix Warre (vol. 29, also available on reel C-2372). Reproduction and use require the permission of Mr. Michael Warre, London, England.
Sketchbooks, loose drawings, watercolours: No donor restrictions. Copyright: Expired. Credit: National Archives of Canada.
Volumes 1 to 28: As a protective conservation measure, these volumes have been withdrawn from circulation. Researchers MUST use the microfilm (reels H-1700 and H-1701).
Vol. 30: As a protective conservation measure, this volume has been withdrawn from circulation. Researchers MUST use the microfilm (reels H-1700 and H-1701).
Vol. 31: As a protective conservation measure, this volume has been withdrawn from circulation. Researchers are requested to consult the microfilm (reels H-1700 and H-1701).
- Date modified: