Chrétien, Jean, 1934- : Jean Chrétien was first elected to the House of Commons for the Liberal Party in 1963. He was re-elected in 1965, 1968, 1972, 1974, 1979, 1980 and 1984. He was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Prime Minister, 1965 and to the Minister of Finance, 1966-1967. In April 1967, he was sworn to the Privy Council and has since, held the following appointments: Minister without Portfolio, 1967-1968; Minister of National Revenue, January 18 to July 6,1968; Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, July 6, 1968 to August 8,1974; President of the Treasury Board, August 8,1974 to September 14,1976; Minister of Industry, Trade and Commerce, September 14, 1976 to September 16, 1977; Minister of Finance, September 16,1977 to June 4,1979; Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, 1980-1982; Minister responsible for Constitutional Negotiations, 1980-1982; Minister of State for Social Development 1980-1982; Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources, September 10,1982 to 1984; Deputy Prime Minister and Secretary of State for External Affairs, 1984.
He resigned from the House of Commons 27 February 1986. He was elected Leader, Liberal Party of Canada 23 June 1990 and re-elected to the House of Commons in a by-election on 10 December 1990. Sworn in as Leader of the Opposition, 21 December 1990. He became Prime Minister after the 1993 general election and resigned in December 2003.
Queen Elizabeth has appointed former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien to the Order of Merit in 2009. He became the fourth Canadian ever to receive the award.