Reuben Alvin Jukes fonds [graphic material]
Record Information – Brief1
Reuben Alvin Jukes fonds [graphic material]Hierarchical level:FondsDate:1915-1919.Reference:R12711-0-0-EType of material:Art, PhotographsFound in:Archives / Collections and FondsItem ID number:3837433Context of this record:
Record Information – DetailsFonds includes:71 lower level description(s)View lower level description(s)Date(s):1915-1919.Place of creation:FranceExtent:65 watercolours : watercolour over pencil and pen and ink ; various dimensions.
4 drawings : pen and ink on paper ; various dimensions.
1 drawing : pencil on paper.
1 photograph : b&w print.Language of material:EnglishScope and content:Fonds consists of watercolours done by a Canadian soldier, Reuben Alvin Jukes, on the Western Front during the years 1917-1918. Jukes was not an official war artist, but his commanding officer turned a blind eye to Jukes's efforts to record his war experiences through art. The works in this fonds record the following locations on the front lines or nearby: Vimy Ridge, Passchendaele, Auberchicourt, Chaudiere Valley, Bovigny, Chateau Neulette and Neulette Wood, La Caulotte, Mont St. Eloi, and Auvelais, as well as a battlefront scene of a tank going over the top. The scenes depicted included dugouts, a destroyed pillbox, the ruins of a brewery, houses in which Jukes was billetted, and ruined chapels, churches, and abbeys.Provenance:Biography/Administrative history:Jukes, Reuben Alvin, 1887-1959 : Reuben Alvin Jukes (Jusksch) was born on 5 July 1887 to Ernst August Jusksch and Maria Kalbfleisch of Hanover, Ontario. In November 1914, aged 27, he enlisted as a private in the 20th Canadian Battalion. His enlistment papers give his trade as "artist", and, despite prohibitions against it, he painted throughout the war. After training in England his battalion was sent to the Front in January 1916, but in April he was diagnosed as suffering from 'neurasthemia', a polite term for shell-shock, and was sent to England to recover. By May 1917, he was back in active service, only to suffer a gas attack in April 1918, which necessitated a return to England for treatment and convalescence. He never returned to the fighting, and was formally discharged from the Army in May 1919. After the war, Jukes worked in Vaudeville as a set painter and in various acts, and supplemented his income as a sign painter. In 1940, he founded a sign painting business in Kitchener, Ontario. Jukes died in May 1959 at the age of 71.Additional information:Custodial history:Reuben Alvin Jukes painted a large number of watercolours during the First World War, in spite of prohibitions on doing so. These works, brought back to Canada after the war, remained in family hands, but may have been sold to a dealer. Two lots containing 33 watercolours were offered for sale at Bonhams (Toronto) on December 2, 2008. One lot sold, while the 2nd lot of 17 watercolours was unsold. These were acquired through Bonhams by private sale.
48 watercolours, 4 drawings, 1 sketch, and 1 photograph were donated by descendants of the Jukes family in 2021.Associated material note:McMaster University Archives and Research Collection has nine pocket diaries by Reuben Alvin Jukes covering the period 21 April 1916-26 September 1920. Reuben Alvin Jukes (Jucksch) diaries. RC0872Subject heading:Source:Private
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