Henry E. Baines fonds [graphic material, textual record]
Record Information – Brief1
Henry E. Baines fonds [graphic material, textual record]
- Hierarchical level:
- Type of material:
- Art, Photographs, Textual material
- Found in:
- Archives / Collections and Fonds
- Item ID number:
- Context of this record:
Record Information – Details
- Fonds includes:
32 lower level description(s)View lower level description(s)
- Place of creation:
autograph : 1 manuscript journal, including 55 watercolours and drawings on journal pages, interleaved, laid down, or on loose sheets of paper; as well as one map of Lake Ontario approx. 25.4 x 18.5 cm.
30 watercolours : watercolour over pencil (loose).
1 reproduction : photomechanical process print.
2 photographs : col. prints.
letterpress : typewritten transcript of journal
- Language of material:
- Scope and content:
Fonds relating to the life and career of Henry E. Baines (1840-1866), born in Shrewsbury, England, the son of Dr. Philip Ottey Egerton Baines and Mary (née Rice). Baines joined the Royal Artillery as a lieutenant in 1859, and served in Canada from 1861 until his death in 1866. Baines was serving in Cobourg in 1863 when he and fellow officers took a month's leave and sailed around Lake Ontario on board the ship "Breeze". Baines later published an account of this voyage in an undated pamphlet entitled "The Cruise of the Breeze", only one copy of which appears to survive, in the Metropolitan Toronto Central Library. Baines was later stationed in Quebec City, where he died of injuries on 27 October 1866 sustained while attempting to rescue individuals from the major fire of 14 October 1866.
The fonds consists of a journal entitled "The Cruise of the Breeze" dated 1863, describing a voyage by ship around Lake Ontario, undertaken by several British Army officers stationed at Cobourg, Ontario. The journal is interleaved with a map, drawings, and watercolours, and some drawings are also executed directly on the journal pages. The journal itself covers a journey from Cobourg to Toronto, Dundas, Consecou, Prince Edward County, Nicholas Island, Kingston, Cedar island, Presqu'ile, Black River, Picton, Wapoose Island, Cape Vesey, all in Ontario, and then to Oswego, Sackett's Harbour, Putneyville, Sodus Point, and the Genesee River in New York state, and then on to the Niagara River. The journal also includes views of various vessels, including the Breeze II, J.A. MacDonald, Zouave, Slug, Palivetto, the Auquila of Jersey, Glance, Aroow, Rivet, Wide-Awake, Kitten, Gorilla (at the Toronto Yacht Club) and a paddle-wheel steamer. The fonds also includes supporting documentation, including a transcript of the journal; a photographic copy of a daguerreotype portrait presumed to be Henry Baines himself; a photograph of the commemorative plaque commissioned by fellow officers concerning Baines' heroism, which is currently on the wall of the Anglican Cathedrel in Quebec City; and some loose drawings and watercolours of scenes in Quebec, including Quebec City and the Island of Orleans; and Halifax, Nova Scotia. There are also some individual drawings and watercolours of scenes in England, including views of Weymouth, Ludlow, a church in Kent, and Dartmouth, as well as some undientified views. Finally there is a commemorative card depicting the monument erected in Brixton Church in Kent to honour his heroic death in the Quebec City fire.
A later accrual was added to this fonds, donated by Marjorie C. Seguin, Dr. Robert Cluett, Thayer B. Cluett and Marc P. Seguin, who bought twenty watercolours and donated them to Library Archives Canada. These watercolours are predominantly landscapes. Two portraits and one scene depicting the planting of the British flag are also included. The watercolours are uniform in size, possibly suggesting that the pages were once part of a sketchbook. These watercolours, from 1865-1866, show Baines' work in the last two years of his life and capture the landscape, people, city and vessels of the day around Quebec City.
- Finding aid:
(Electronic) A wordperfect list describing the contents of the journal is located in accession file 1995-037. 32 item-level descriptions are available online in MIKAN. (90: Open)
- Additional information:
- Custodial history:
- Acquired from Dr. George M. D. Boddington and his brother Arthur in 1994. Family descent from creator.
- Arrangement note:
- Records of Items which originally came in with the journal, in 1995, have been added to the file record: 3841394. The item count has changed from 38 to 54. Previously they were listed as individual items attached to the fonds. Original lists on the files 1995-37 and 1997-107, prepared for Deeds and for NAAB appraisal were used to correct the arrangement.
- 20 watercolours were donated by Marjorie C. Seguin, Dr. Robert Cluett, Thayer B. Cluett and Marc P. Seguin, who bought these works at the Gerald Peters Gallery, New York, NY in 2017. This group, lead by Marc Seguin purchased the paintings with the deliberate intention of repatriating these works and reuniting them with the collection of watercolours by Baines already at LAC.
- Related material:
- The Royal Ontario Museum owns two watercolours by Baines, both taken on the Island of Orleans, which were acquired in 1964. The Metropolitan Toronto Central Library owns a copy of the pamphlet published by Baines about his 1863 voyage. The family retains some works of art, and a printed poem by Baines.
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