Pîhtokahanapiwiyin (Poundmaker) (1842-1886) was a Plains Cree Chief in what is now Saskatchewan. He was an influential leader with a reputation as a peacemaker. He was tried for treason-felony as a result of his alleged involvement in the North West Resistance (or Rebellion) in 1885, sentenced to three years at the Stony Mountain Penitentiary. He was released early due to poor health and died months later. On May 23, 2019, the Canadian government formally exonerated Poundmaker and apologized to the Poundmaker First Nation community., Louis Riel (1844-1885) was a Métis leader, politician, and teacher. He led the Red River Resistance (or Red River Rebellion) in 1869 and the North West Resistance (or North West Rebellion) in 1885. In 1885, Riel was convicted of treason and executed. Since then his contributions to the development of the Métis Nation, the founding of Manitoba, and Canadian Confederation have been recognized. In 1992, Riel was recognized by Parliament as the founder of Manitoba.