Canal Division [multiple media]
Record Information – Brief
Canal Division [multiple media]
- Hierarchical level:
- R184-200-1-E, RG12-B-13, RG12-A-1-g, RG12M 78903/95, RG12M 756/15430, RG12M 756/15431, RG12M 756/15457, RG12M 78903/40, RG12M 60/5556
- Type of material:
- Textual material, Architectural and technical drawings, Maps and cartographic material
- Found in:
- Archives / Collections and Fonds
- Item ID number:
- Context of this record:
Record Information – Details
- Series includes:
3125 lower level description(s)View lower level description(s)
- Bilingual equivalent:
- Place of creation:
- No place, unknown, or undetermined
x m of textual records
60 maps : chiefly mss., ink, col. ; 107 x 250 cm or smaller.
20 technical drawings on 6 sheets : mss., ink, col., with pencil crayon ; 56 x 109 cm or smaller.
2 architectural drawings : ms., 1 blueline print.
- Language of material:
- Scope and content:
Series consists of records pertaining to the canals administered by the Department of Transport and its predecessor agencies which were transferred to the jurisdiction of Parks Canada in 1972. These include the Trent, Rideau, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Murray, Carillon, St. Ours, Chambly, Beauharnois and St. Peters, as well as the Grenville and Chignecto canals. The records consist of registry files organized under the subject file classification plan for Transport Canada's former Canal Division (4000 file block series). The files relate to the various operational and administrative activities of this Division, and include subjects such as bridges and tunnels; buildings and dwellings; locks, gates and dams; weirs and reaches; marine railways; rights-of-way, boundaries and encroachments; roads, walks and highways; leases; sale and disposition; construction and maintenance; wharves and docks; surveys and canal operations. The "4000" file block was re-allocated to other operational records of the Department upon the transfer of responsibility for canal administration to Parks Canada. The following examples illustrate the type of records found in this series. Volumes 3594-3669 (1825-1976) contain files concerning bridges and tunnels and the construction, maintenance and repairs of bathing beaches, culverts and drains, dams and weirs, diving equipment, electrical plants and ferries, locks and gates, retaining walls and piers, and wharves and docks. Also included are files on canal surveys, proposed canal operations, rules and regulations. Volumes 3670-3692 (1866-1976) contain files dealing with the construction, maintenance and repair of bridges and tunnels, buildings and dwellings, locks and dams, weirs, reaches, marine railways, retaining walls and piers. Volumes 3693-3743 (1809-1971) contain files pertaining to rights of way and concern boundaries, encroachments, land damages, lease of land, leases of water power and supply roads, walks and highways, and sale and dispositions. Volumes 3744-3850 (1841-1977) contain files dealing with right of way matters and cover subjects such as land and buildings, purchase and appropriations; roads, walks and highways. Also included is a large series of files on sale and disposition. Volume 3673 (1874-1923) consists of a registry file relating to the diversion of the Great Western Railway line under the Welland Canal between locks 18 and 19 (subject file 4052-358). Series also includes the following visual material: RG12M 78903/95 consists of plans of a tugboat, a dump-scow and the dredging vessel, Rideau; RG12M 756/15430 consists of a profile of the Richelieu River between Chambly and St. Ours, ca. 1840; RG12M 756/15431 consists of a section of the Richelieu River, from Francher's wharf to St. Ours wharf, ca. 1840; RG12M 756/15457 consists of maps of sections of the Richelieu River between Sorel and Chambly, ca. 1830, drawn by P. Fleming; and RG12M 78903/40 consists of two plans connected with hydraulic measurements and the Welland Canal.
- Additional name(s):
- Biography/Administrative history:
Canadian Marine Transportation Administration. Canals Division : In the early part of the nineteenth century, canal surveying, construction, and maintenance were administered by government-appointed commissions. Commencing in 1839 in Lower Canada and shortly thereafter for the whole of United Canada (1841), administrative responsibility for canals was assumed by the Board of Works. After 1859, the Board's successor, the Department of Public Works, retained control of the canals for a period of twenty years. In 1879, responsibility for canals was transferred from the Department of Public Works to the newly-created Department of Railways and Canals; in 1936, the Department of Transport absorbed the Department of Railways and Canals, including the administrative responsibility for all matters related to canals. Finally, on 1 June 1972, the responsibility for the operation, maintenance, and repair of all non-commercial canals was transferred to Parks Canada, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, under the TRANSFER OF DUTIES ACT and Order in Council 1972-1124.
- Finding aid:
(Electronic) Finding aid 12-6 is a computer generated boxlist relating to volumes 3594-3850. The finding aid is a subject file list. A copy of the contemporary Transport Canada subject file classification plan (4000 series) is also available. 12-6(Electronic) Finding aid 12-1 is a computer generated boxlist relating to volumes 31-3166. These volumes contain records from the Central registry series, many of which relate to Canal Division records (4000 file block series). 12-1(Electronic) Finding aid 12-2 is a computer generated file list relating to volumes 31-3166. These volumes contain records from the Central registry series, many of which relate to Canal Division records (4000 file block series). 12-2Cartographic material (Paper) Finding aid consists of 3 separate item level listings, for accession numbers 756/15430, 756/15431, and 756/15457. Finding aid for RG12M 78903/40 consists of an item list. RG12M 756/15430; RG12M 756/15431; RG12M 756/15457; RG12M 78903/40 Finding aids are available in main reference room. (90: Open)Technical drawings (Paper) Finding aid consists of an item list. RG12M 78903/95 Finding aid available in main reference room. (90: Open)Architectural drawing (Paper) Finding aid consists of an item list. RG12M 78903/40 Finding aid available in main reference room. (90: Open)
- Additional information:
- General Note:
- RG12M 78903/40: Item #1 also includes 2 map segments showing the locations of proposed gauge houses no. 1 and no. 2.
- Source of title:
- Title is based on the contents of the series.
- Physical description note:
- RG12M 78903/95: Items #2,3,4,5,and 6 are stamped Rideau Canal Office, Ottawa. Each item is numbered in pencil on the verso. RG12M 756/15430: Cartographic material: Map indicates the high, low, and present water lines. RG12M 756/15431: Cartographic material: Map indicates the high, low, and present water lines. Item is stamped: Board of Works. RG12M 756/15457: Cartographic material: All of the items are stamped: Board of Works. All items have a piece of paper glued to the verso of the sheet, giving the name of the drawer, plus the map's title and number. RG12M 78903/40: Cartographic material: Handwritten on recto: Welland River, 570.35 contour, prior to ship canal construction, survey of about 1907-1910. Map is stamped: 620.
- Note on the state of conservation:
- RG12M 78903/95: Technical drawings: Item #1 is enclosed in an archival tissue sleeve; item #3 is torn in upper right area and needs repair; item #4 is dirty along the main fold. Cartographic material: RG12M 756/15430, RG12M 756/15431, RG12M 756/15457: Maps have tears along their edges. RG12M 78903/40: Map is torn along a fold.
- Custodial history:
- Plans for RG12M 78903/95 originated in the Rideau Canal office. Material for RG12M 756/15430, RG12M 756/15431, and RG12M 756/15457 was transferred in 1975 by the Ministry of Transport, from H11-310-Richelieu-[1839-1846]; RG12M 78903/40 was transferred in Sept. 1978 from Federal Archives Division, and RG12, vol. 2179, file # 4810-71-11, "Current meter measurements - flow of canal - hydraulic measurements, 1902-1935.
- Accompanying material note:
- RG12M 78903/95: Accompanying material in the acquisition documentation file includes an 11 page report: Specification for an 80 foot composite screw tug for the Rideau Canal.
- Arrangement note:
- The records in this series are have a clear provenance link to the Canal Division. Central registry files that have been inextricably merged will be found in the central registry series.
- Cartographic math data:
- RG12M 78903/95: Technical drawings: Scales differ. RG12M 756/15430; RG12M 756/15431: Cartographic material: Scale 1:24000. Vertical scale 1:120. RG12M 756/15457: Cartographic material: Scale indeterminable. RG12M 78903/40: Architectural drawing: Scale indeterminable. Cartographic material: Scale [1:14 400].
- Availability of other formats note:
- RG12M 78903/95: Item #4 in this accession has been microfilmed. RG12M 756/15430, RG12M 756/15431, and RG12M 756/15457: All of the items have been microfilmed., The electronic images attached to files in this series result from a reprography request; not all files in the series have yet been digitized.
- Further accruals are expected.
- Related material:
- Related Canal records may also be found in the Central registry series in this fonds (see finding aids 12-1 and 12-2) as well as in the Department of Railways and Canals fonds (RG43) and the Parks Canada sous-fonds (RG84).
- Former archival reference no.:
Ordering and Viewing Options
- Conditions of access:
Copyright belongs to the Crown.
Cartographic material, architectural, technical drawings: Copyright belongs to the Crown. Credit Library and Archives Canada.
- Date modified: