C.S. Jackson fonds [multiple media]
Record Information – Brief1
C.S. Jackson fonds [multiple media]
- Hierarchical level:
- R5459-0-3-E, MG31-B54
- Type of material:
- Textual material, Photographs, Sound recordings, Moving images, Objects (including medals and pins)
- Found in:
- Archives / Collections and Fonds
- Item ID number:
- Context of this record:
Record Information – Details
- Fonds includes:
10 lower level description(s)View lower level description(s)
- Place of creation:
6.53 m of textual records.
436 photographs : b&w and col.
50 audio cassettes (ca. 50 h).
15 videocassettes (ca. 15 h).
12 ribbons : 10 medallic ribbons, 1 button, 1 other ribbon.
1 print : photomechanical reproduction ; 30.3 cm x 22.8 cm.
1 audio reel (ca. 1 h)
- Language of material:
- Scope and content:
Fonds consists of records pertaining to: the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers (UE) and to C.S. Jackson's role as a senior officer of the UE, 1936-1988, including documentation on the formation of the UE, its evolution during World War II, the Cold War and its 1949 expulsion from the Canadian Congress of Labour, the union's collective bargaining and organizing work, UE local unions, the UE's efforts to influence Canadian public policy and public opinion, UE labour education programmes, Canadian UE executive and council meetings, Canadian and international / United States UE conventions and conferences, relations with other labour groups, and the UE's 1972 affiliation with the Canadian Labour Congress; the research and writing of the Jackson biography (including files on the history of the UE), 1938-1998; and general, personal, and family papers, [191-]-1998. Included are UE and personal correspondence, memoranda, minutes, reports, pocket diaries, journals, briefs and submissions, print matter, convention proceedings, drafts of the biography, autobiographical writings, and other documents.
The fonds contains photographic material depicting activities of C.S. Jackson as president of the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers; union activities; rallies and marches; Jackson's retirement; Jackson's residences.
The fonds also contains sound and video recordings pertaining to the life and career of Clarence Shirley Jackson.
Also included are medallic items consisting of medals and badges received by C.S. Jackson during his career.
In addition, there is a print depicting shipyard workers on strike.
- Additional name(s):
- Biography/Administrative history:
Jackson, C. S. (Clarence Shirley), 1906-1993 : Clarence Shirley Jackson, labour union official, was born in Fort William, Ontario, in 1906. The son of a clothing-store owner (and mayor of Fort William), Jackson first worked in bush camps, pulp and paper plants, and as a grainhandler in Fort William / Port Arthur and north-western Ontario. Moving to Montreal in 1928, he found employment as an actuary for Sun Life and also worked in the Treasury Department of Canadian Industries Limited. In 1934 Jackson moved to Toronto, where he held positions with brokerage firms and with the Thor Washing Machine Company (as a salesman and crater). A fellow employee at Thor influenced Jackson in becoming a socialist in the mid-1930s. Jackson subsequently became active in the growing industrial union movement, working as a volunteer organizer with such figures as Dick Steele of the Workers Unity League during 1936-1937. After signing up workers at the Thor Washing Machine Company, Jackson approached the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers (UE), at the time a new and quickly expanding CIO affiliate. In 1937, he was appointed as a UE organizer for District 5 (Canada), and was soon chosen as the union's International Vice President for District 5 (later Canadian president), a position which he held until his retirement in April 1980. The UE organized and represented workers in electrical manufacturing industries, including such major employers as Canadian Westinghouse and Canadian General Electric. Like many Canadian industrial unions, the UE's membership grew significantly in the labour-starved economy of World War II. The political views of Jackson and other officers of UE District 5 resulted in many controversies. Jackson was interned under the Defence of Canada Regulations during June-December 1941, ostensibly because of his association with members of the Communist Party and his role in a strike at a war plant. The UE was a founding affiliate of the Canadian Congress of Labour (CCL); nevertheless, the relationship between the UE and the CCL leadership (many of whom were partisans of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation) was often tempestuous. In 1949 Jackson and the UE were expelled from the CCL as part of the campaign by the social democratic caucus to rid the CCL of leftist unions. A new union, the International Union of Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers (IUE) was established in an effort to bring dissident UE locals back into the CCL. Under similar pressure in the United States, the UE's US and Canadian branches found it necessary to establish themselves as fraternal but separate organizations in 1958. Despite being cut off from the mainstream of the Canadian labour movement after 1949 (which allowed the IUE and other unions to "raid" it with impunity), the Canadian UE maintained its membership under Jackson's leadership through its organizational work: defending its members' interests in the workplace, in collective agreements, and in representations to governments. In 1972, Jackson and the UE rejoined the "house of labour" when the Canadian Labour Congress convention voted to accept it as an affiliate. As the top Canadian officer of the UE for 43 years, Jackson gained a reputation (to quote the Canadian Encyclopedia) as "one of the most articulate, well-informed, though controversial, labour leaders in Canada". Among Jackson's retirement projects was writing a history of the UE in Canada. This evolved into an autobiography and, as he grew older, into a biography. Following attempts by several writers, Doug Smith's "Cold Warrior: C.S. Jackson and the United Electrical Workers" was published in 1997. C.S. Jackson died at Winnipeg, Manitoba, in July 1993.
- Finding aid:
Textual records (Electronic) Finding aid no. 1961 includes a file list of containers 1 to 40 and a description of documentary art and audio-visual records that were transferred to the appropriate division. Files with an "F" reference in parentheses in the finding aid are keyed to a partial item-level inventory that was prepared by one of Jackson's biographers. The indexes to this item-level inventory are in container 26, file 4. MSS1961 (90: Open)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000000519.pdfMedallic (Paper) Medal inventory card numbers 14385 to 14393 (90: Open)Sound recordings and moving images (Electronic) See MISACS for item level descriptions. (90: Open)
- Additional information:
- General Note:
- Received in 1993 and 1998 from Betty L. Dyck, Winnipeg, Manitoba.
- Related material:
- For related materials, see United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers (UE) fonds (R1268 / MG28-I190.
- Varying form of title:
- Subject heading:
- Canadian General Electric Company
- Labour - Canada United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers, 1937-1988
- Labour Leaders - Canada Fort William (Ont.), ca.1902-1928
- Labour Movement - Canada Thor Washing Machine Company, Toronto (Ont.), ca.1934-1937
- Dick Steele, ca. 1935-1937
- Workers Unity League, ca. 1935-1937
- Congress of Industrial Organizations, ca. 1936-1940
- Canadian Westinghouse Company Limited, ca. 1937-1980s
- Sun Life, Montreal (Que.), ca. 1928-1934
- Canadian Industries Limited, Montreal (Que.), ca. 1928-1934
- Defence of Canada Regulations, 1941
- Shop Stewards Councils (Ont.), 1940-1941
- Jim Green, ca. 1986
- Canadian Seamen's Union, ca. 1986
- Claire Culhane, 1980s
- Léa Roback, ca. 1949-1980s
- International Union of Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers, ca. 1949-1980
- Former archival reference no.:
Ordering and Viewing Options
- Conditions of access:
Photographs: Use and/or reproduction with written permission of donor. Copyright is unknown. Credit: name of photographer / National Archives of Canada / copy negative number.
Sound recordings and moving images Reproduction and use in any form requires the written permission of the copyright holder and the written permission of the donor.
Medallic items: No restrictions on use or reproduction. Various copyrights.
Print: No restrictions on use or reproduction. Various copyrights.
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