Dominion Textile Company fonds [multiple media]
Record Information – Brief
Dominion Textile Company fonds [multiple media]
- Hierarchical level:
- R1351-0-6-E, MG28-III77
- Item no. (creator):
- R1351-1 to 33, accession numbers for art material
- Type of material:
- Textual material, Moving images, Photographs, Architectural and technical drawings, Maps and cartographic material, Art
- Found in:
- Archives / Collections and Fonds
- Item ID number:
- Link to this page:
This link identifies the web page describing this particular record. Unlike the temporary link in your browser, this link will allow you to access, and reference, this page in the future. To link to this descriptive record, copy and paste the URL where ever needed (wiki, blog, document).http://central.bac-lac.gc.ca/.redirect?app=fonandcol&id=101174&lang=eng
- Context of this record:
Record Information – Details
- Fonds includes:
9 lower level description(s)View lower level description(s)
- Bilingual equivalent:
- Place of creation:
76.76 m of textual records.
15 film reels.
ca. 25,000 photographs : col. slides.
ca. 10,000 photographs : col. and b&w negatives.
ca. 416 technical drawings.
1 painting : oil.
10 drawings : 9 caricatures.
10 collages : 6 mixed-media
14 prints : offset lithographic and photo-mechanical prints.
10, 587 photographs : col. and b&w prints.
2 buttons : paper and metal ; various sizes.
2 stickers : paper and glue ; 7.5 x 7.5 cm.
33 architectural drawings : blueprints ; various sizes.
2 sample books : paper and textile ; various sizes.
27 clothing labels : textile ; various sizes.
- Language of material:
- Added language of material:
- English, French
- Scope and content:
Fonds contains the administrative and operational records of Dominion Textile Incorporated and Dominion Textile Company Limited. The fonds also includes the minutebooks and finanical records of sixty-two defunct textile firms associated with Dominion Textile. Among these firms are the predecessor companies which merged to create Dominion Textile in 1905, as well as subsidiary companies, and independent textile companies acquired by Dominion Textile as it expanded into Canada's largest textile firm. The fonds includes a rich collection of photographs, documenting the work life of employees, the architecture of mills in diverse locations, the process of textile fabrication, products produced and community life. The fonds also includes moving images collected by Dominion Textile. A small number of artworks are included in the fonds. Notable is a posthumous oil portrait of the first President of Dominion Textile Company: David Yuile. Thirty-two other items comprised of ten drawings, some caricatures; ten art and mixed-media collage designs for annual reports; nine promotional posters; and three photo-mechanical reproductions: one insurance site sketch of the Magog Mill, a "DT-opoly" game board and a reproduction of a map of world holdings complete the donation.
- Biography/Administrative history:
Dominion Textile Company : The Dominion Textile Company Limited was chartered on January 4th 1905. It was created through the merger of four independent textile firms: Dominion Cotton Mills Company Limited, Merchants Cotton Company Limited, Colonial Printing & Bleaching Company Limited, and the Montmorency Cotton Mills Company Limited. Based in Montreal, the venture was backed by well-known businessmen Herbert Holt, Vincent Meredith, Honourable Robert Mckay, David Morrice and J.P. Black with David Yuile as the company's first president. Dominion Textile would grow to become Canada's most significant textile manufacturer. Dominion Textile's establishment in 1905 was the end result of a series of mergers which had begun in the industry in the 1880s. Alexander F. Gault and David Morrice unsuccessfully attempted to control the industry through marketing cartels, and later began to acquire and consoldiate smaller firms. Their actions had a direct impact on the creation of Dominion Textile and its corporate direction. However, a small number of shareholders in both the Dominion Cotton Mills Co. and Merchants Cotton Co. resisted the merger which created the company. The Privy Council decision, rendered in 1917, ruled in favour of Dominion Textile and finally gave the company complete control over its assets. At its formation, Dominion Textile operated 11 mills which produced both griege cotton and finished cotton cloth for the Canadian market. Company success depended upon the protection of government tariffs, and on the co-ordination of mill operations. Both processes began in earnest in 1909 when Charles Gordon became President and appointed F.G. Daniels as his general manager. Gordon would play an important role in lobbying for protective tariffs, while Daniels reorganized company operations. Daniels improved the larger mills and closed the smaller and less profitable mills, including Windsor, Nova Scotia in 1910 and Moncton, New Brunswick in 1914. As Dominion Textile consolidated its position in the Canadian market, the company began to expand. In 1906, the Dominion Textile Board of Directors acquired control of the Penman Manufacturing Company and renamed the company Penmans Limited. Although its activities remained distinct from the parent company until the 1960s, Dominion Textile executives were closely involved in all of Penmans' major decisions. Dominion Textile also assumed managerial control of the Montreal Cotton Company in 1911, beginning an acquisition process which would last until 1948. In 1922, the Dominion Textile Company Ltd. sold its assets to a newly created company, Dominion Textile Limited (subsequently renamed Dominion Textile Incorporated). The financial reorganization funded new directions in corporate development including experimentation with rayon fibres and the manufacture of tire cord. In 1928, shortly after F.G. Daniels became company president, Dominion Textile acquired two tire cord plants and created new subsidiary firms, the Sherbrooke Cotton Company and the Drummondville Cotton Company. Throughout the Depression, company profits and production remained stable. In 1933, when Sir Charles Gordon became president for a second time, Dominion Textile controlled 38% of the Canadian cotton market. When the sales of its allied firm, Montreal Cottons were factored in, Dominion Textile actually controlled 48% of the market. In spite of such secure footing, protective tariffs remained a key issue, as demonstrated by the sudden closure of its rayon plant in Sherbrooke in 1936. Dominion Textile threw more than 1000 people out of work to protest unrestricted Japanese imports. The incident resulted in the 1937 Royal Commission on the Textile Industry which severely criticized the company for its reliance on tariffs. The closure also resulted in a breakdown in labour relations. That relationship would remain strained until the 1970s, and would result in several serious strikes, including the lengthy 1946 strike in the Valleyfield mills. In 1939, G. Blair Gordon, son of Sir Charles, became Dominion Textile's new president. He led the company through the intense production of the Second World War, when 70% of company production went directly to the military or other essential wartime services. At this time, textile manufacturing became Quebec's leading industry in terms of employment, wages & value of product. In the post-war years Dominion Textile's operations changed to keep pace with industry and societal changes. Under the guidance of managing director F.R. Daniels (who became president in 1961), the company launched a massive modernization program in the 1950s, to replace war worn machinery with newly developed technology. Old mills, like the Hochelaga plant, were closed, while larger mills in Montreal, Sherbrooke and Valleyfield were upgraded. A new head office was constructed in Montreal to symbolize Dominion Textile's wartime triumph and to accommodate future growth. In the 1960s, corporate philosophy began to evolve in an effort to keep pace with changes in consumer buying patterns. Led by E.F. King, the corporate management structure was broken down and decentralized. Marketing assumed a new importance and began to dictate production requirements. The company expanded production of synthetic fibres, opening new mills in Richelieu, Quebec and Long Sault, Ontario in order to remain competitive in the industry. The pattern of diversification would define the corporate growth pattern for the next two decades. When E.F. King became president of Dominion Textile in 1966, he established the pattern of selecting the new president from the Marketing Division. Dominion Textile's two subsequent presidents, R.H. Perowne (1969) and T.R. Bell (1974) were both Marketing vice presidents. These three men continued Dominion Textile's diversification program through the acquisition of competitor firms or the creation of new subsidiaries. Under their guidance, Dominion Textile exploited many of the industry trends, investing in doubleknits, carpets, carpet backings, nonwovens, geotextiles, denim fabrics and interlinings. Perhaps the most significant acquisition was DHJ Industries in 1975. Using DHJ's international sales and distribution network, Dominion Textile evolved from a company which manufactured for the Canadian market into a multinational corporation with assets all over the world. Dominion Textile reorganized its Canadian operations in the 1980s to function in tandem with the international holdings, and to prepare for increased competition under Free Trade. Canadian facilities were grouped into four separate divisions: industrial, apparel, consumer products and sales yarn. Their production lines were consolidated, resulting in the closure of several mills. Increased global competition, however, battered the Canadian plants. C.H. Hantho (president, 1989) began to restructure the textile giant in the early 1990s. More Canadian mills closed, and the company sold many of its assets. In 1997, two years after J.A. Boland became president, Dominion Textile was bought by American investors.
- Finding aid:
Textual records (Electronic) The finding aid is a numbered file list. Each file description includes the file title and outside dates. Access to the portion of the finding aid pertaining to the Post 1985 Dominion Textile Inc. records is restricted. This portion of the finding aid is MSS2187-Restricted. Permission will be required from the donor before any access will be granted. Please consult the archivist for additional information. Finding aid is a file list describing volumes 1 to 343 MSS2187 (90: Open)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000000700.pdfMoving images (Electronic) See MISACS for item level description. (90: Open)Graphic (photo) (Electronic) (90: Open)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000002334.pdfGraphic (photo) (Paper) (90: Open)Graphic (art) (Paper) List of artworks on paper. R1351-2003 Accession file is available in art accession files, located in Art Library. (90: Open)
- Additional information:
- General Note:
- Received in 1978, 1997 and 1999 from Dominion Textile Ltd.
- Custodial history:
- The slide library was processed by student intern Bronwyn Quarry during October and November 1999; she removed duplicate and near-duplicate slide materials, added information about the contents of the slide library, and wrote a short introduction to the print form of the finding aid which was supplied by Dominion Textile. The finding aids supplied by Dominion Textile are essentially one and the same. The electronic form runs under Lotus Notes (one copy of which exists at LAC); the printed form is a print-out of the electronic form. The "finding aids" essentially are subject headings which were assigned on a pre-conceived basis by a trained subject indexer; a number of the subject headings therefore contain no photographs. The subject headings give only a general idea of the image contents. Selected photographs are being described at the item level, as they are digitized.
- Arrangement note:
- The volume received in 1978 is now Vol. 80.
- Language note:
- Prior to approximately 1970, the documents are mostly written in the English language. After 1970, documents are increasingly of a bilingual nature, or in English or French. It is not possible to calculate a percentage in either language.
- Associated material note:
- The Wabasso Cotton Company fonds is located at BAnQ. Additional items relating to the V. Hudon mills is also located at BAnQ.
- Related material:
- For additional textile manufacturers see the Mercury-Chipman Knit Ltd. fonds (R3736), the Hamilton Cotton Company fonds (R3735) and the S. Lennard and Sons Ltd. fonds (R3574). Additional fonds which contain documentation on Dominion Textile's labour relations include the J.L. Cohen fonds (MG30 A94) and the Madeleine Parent and Kent Rowley fonds (MG31 B19). Many federal government records also contain significant documentation on Dominion Textile. See for example, the records of the Royal Commission on the Textile Industry (RG33/20), Industry, Trade and Commerce records (RG20) and the Department of Munitions and Supply (RG28) which provides information on Dominion Textile's wartime contributions.
- Subject heading:
- Former archival reference no.:
Ordering and Viewing Options
- Conditions of access:
Moving images: Reproduction and use in any form requires the written permission of the copyright holder and the written permission of the donor.
Graphic material (Art): Various copyrights.
- Date modified: