Sandford Fleming fonds [textual record (microform), graphic material, cartographic material]
Record Information – Brief
Sandford Fleming fonds [textual record (microform), graphic material, cartographic material]
- Hierarchical level:
- R7666-0-8-E, MG29-B1
- Type of material:
- Textual material, Photographs, Art, Maps and cartographic material
- Found in:
- Archives / Collections and Fonds
- Item ID number:
- Link to this page:
This link identifies the web page describing this particular record. Unlike the temporary link in your browser, this link will allow you to access, and reference, this page in the future. To link to this descriptive record, copy and paste the URL where ever needed (wiki, blog, document).http://central.bac-lac.gc.ca/.redirect?app=fonandcol&id=97800&lang=eng
- Context of this record:
Record Information – Details
- Fonds includes:
11 lower level description(s)View lower level description(s)
- Place of creation:
- No place, unknown, or undetermined
12.06 m of textual records.
25 portfolios (ca. 657 photographs) : prints.
2 albums (94 photographs) : prints.
9 photographs : b&w.
1 painting : brushpoint and red oil on canvas ; 74.8 x 62 cm.
2 drawings : pencil.
3 prints : lithograph, cream tint stone on wove paper.
2 watercolours : pen and ink, watercolour and gold paint over pencil and photograph on wove paper.
2 maps : one manuscript, one published.
- Language of material:
- Scope and content:
Fonds consists of textual records divided into 11 series. This material includes correspondence; letterbooks; memoranda; notes; financial journals; telegram books; travel journals; diaries; printed matter; addresses, diplomas, certificates and newspaper clippings from Sir Sandford Fleming concerning the Canadian Pacific and Intercolonial Railways; Canadian and Imperial affairs; Queen's University; business and financial affairs; personal papers; travel; and telegraph service. Fonds contains photographs depicting the construction of the Intercolonial Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway; several U.S. railways; and various locales in Western Canada including Fort Garry, Man., and Jasper House. Also included are photographs by William James Topley, G.R. Lancefield and Alfred George Pittaway depicting a bust of Sir Sanford Fleming by Hamilton McCarthy; Sir Sanford Fleming with a group of children; photographs of the Colonial Conference; portraits of Sir Sanford Fleming; construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the vicinity of Lake Superior; and a photo by G.H. Woodelton of Albany, Australia depicting aborigines of Western Australia, 1839. The fonds also includes artistic material. See lower level series description for more details. The fonds also includes 1 map of Ireland Counties, n.d., and a mapsheet showing Fifeshire and Kinross-shire, Scotland, as well as a letter and text related to Arnot Tower also in Scotland.
- Additional name(s):
- Forster, John Wycliffe Lowes, 1850-1938
- Lancefield, G.R
- Canadian Pacific Railway Company
- Fleming, Charles Sandford
- Woodelton, G.H
- Photographer: Pittaway, Alfred George, 1858-1930
- Photographer: Topley, William James, 1845-1930
- Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson
- Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.)
- Hudson's Bay Company
- Canadian National Railways (1919-1960)
- Royal Canadian Institute
- Western Canada Cement Company
- Ontario Northern Railway
- Intercolonial Railway Company
- Presbyterian Church in Canada
- Chemins de fer nationaux du Canada
- Biography/Administrative history:
Fleming, Sandford, Sir, 1827-1915 : Sir Sandford Fleming (1827-1915),surveyor, draftsman, engineer, office holder, and college chancellor, was born in Kirkaldy, Scotland. After receiving an education in Kennoway and Kirkaldy from the Scottish engineer and surveyor John Sangand. Fleming emigrated from Scotland in 1845 and completed his engineering education in Canada. To complete his certificate in engineering, Fleming prepared maps of Peterborough, Hamilton, Cobourg, and Toronto in 1849. After numerous noteworthy activitiesin the early 1850s, including the founding in Toronto of the Canadian Institute, an early professional society of architects, surveyors, and engineer, he became - in 1857 - engineer-in-chief of the Ontario Northern Railway. In 1863 the Canadian government appointed him chief surveyor of a proposed route for the intercolonial railway linking the Canadas to the Maritime colonies. He subsequently became chief engineer of the Intercolonial. In 1871 the Canadian Pacific Railway Company chose Fleming to direct the construction of the transcontinental railway. Though he was summarily dismissed from the directing the railway construction in 1880, he received a substantial payout package, which he re-invested in the Hudson's Bay Company. Also, by 1884 he had become one of the directors of the company. In November 1885, he can be found at the centre of things, captured in one of the most famous of Canadian photographs, the driving of the last spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Fleming is the towering central figure with the top hat and broad beard. Although Sir Sandford Fleming did not make a career in politics, much of his work had an impact in this area. His sector was technology, and it was for technology that he had national and international goals: building a railway to unite the provinces of British North America, the development of the engineering profession, the setting up of a telegraph that would circle the globe via the British territories, and universal time measurement. As a distinguished scientist, he was the prime advocate of the adoption of an international system of standard time and wrote many scientific monographs. He also worked privately for the cause of imperial unity, and designed the first Canadian postage stamp. During his lifetime, he was awarded honorary doctorates by the University of St Andrews in Scotland (1884), Columbia (1887), the University of Toronto (1907), and Queen's (1908). He also held a membership in the Royal Society of Canada.
- Finding aid:
Textual records (Electronic) The finding aid consists of lists of correspondents in volume 1 to 54; of the titles of memoranda and notes in volumes 93 to 103; of the printed material in volumes 104 to volume 126; and of the additional material in volumes 132 and 133. MSS0075 (90: Open)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000001689.pdfPhotographs (Paper) The finding aid is a list of portfolios, photographs and location of records, located in three bound volumes. Voume 1 is indexed by location, Volume 2 indexed by portfolio, and Volume 3 indexed by photographer. FA057 is located in the Library and Archives Canada Reference Room, with copies in the Photography A&R. FA057 (90: Open)Photographs (Paper) Finding aid is a guide to the collection of 19th century photographs from the Sandford Fleming fonds, specifically photographs originally accessioned as 1936-272 (PIC), and is located in the Photography accession file. The guide, entitled "The One-Eyed Devil", was written by Martha Phemister. (90: Open)Photographs and Art material (Electronic) Refer to item level descriptions in Mikan. (90: Open)Artistic material (Paper) Description of Sir Sandford Fleming located in Art Division accession file. (90: Open)Cartographic material (Other) Please consult lower level descriptions. 87802/241. (90: Open)Textual records (Microform) Microfiches : 2 fiches (2 copies) MSS0075 (90: Open)
- Additional information:
- General Note:
- The textual documents in volumes 1 to 132 were transferred in 1915 by the heirs of Sir Sandford Fleming. Wilfred Campbell received the documents from S.H. Fleming. Documents in volume 133 were acquired from various sources. Additional documents were received subsequently, from Hugh Fleming in 1939 and C.P. Meredith in 1948. Portrait of Sir Sandford Fleming (1951-566 (PIC)) was donated by G.E.A. Chapman, Rockliffe, Ont. Miscellaneous photographs and art items were donated by Sandford Fleming, the Estate of Sir Sandford Fleming and Charles Sandford Fleming between 1915 and 1989.
- Some documents were removed from volume 80 and 83 and placed in volume 148 for conservation purposes.
- Location of originals note:
- Originals of photocopied material (transcripts of diaries) in the possession of Grace Reinhard of Peterborough, Ont.
- Exhibitions note:
- Exhibition Title: Treasured Memories 1: A National Archives of Canada Exhibition [125th Anniversary of the National Archives]. Curator: Martin Tétreault, National Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; 1997.05.14-1998.01.31 - (MG 29 B1 Vol. 83, Diary Intercolonial Survey, 1863), Exhibition Title: Treasured Memories 2: A National Archives of Canada Exhibition. [125th Anniversary of the National Archives]. Curator: Martin Tétreault, National Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; 1998.03.01 - 1998.09.30 (MG29-B1 vol.83)
- Associated material note:
- Please note that additional archival material can be found at: 1. The Archives of Ontario, F711 2. Nova Scotia Archives, RG 28, sect.4, vol.9 3. Queens University Archives, 2128, F3 C3.8 4. Baldwin Collection of Canadiana, Toronto Public Library
- Related material:
- Refer to RG 37 "D" Series, Volume 333, File 1919-92 for information concerning the Fleming Estate including manuscripts, plans, and photos relating to railway development in Canada.
- Subject heading:
- Railroads - Surveying
- Transportation Canada
- Businessmen Canada
- Railroad engineers
- Time measurements
- Telegraph, Wireless
- Transport Canada
- Chemins de fer
- Télégraphie sans fil
- Railroad engineers Canada
- Ingénieurs ferroviaires Canada
- Ingénieurs ferroviaires
- Telegraph lines
- Hommes d'affaires Canada
- Former archival reference no.:
Ordering and Viewing Options
- Conditions of access:
Photographs: No restrictions on use. Copyright: Expired. Credit: Name of photographer / Library and Archives Canada
Artistic material: No restrictions on use. Copyright varies. Credit: Libary and Archives Canada.
Cartographic material: No restrictions on access or reproduction. Credit Library and Archives Canada.
- Date modified: