Grand Trunk Pacific Railway System [textual record, cartographic material, architectural drawing (some microform)]
Record Information – Brief
Grand Trunk Pacific Railway System [textual record, cartographic material, architectural drawing (some microform)]
- Hierarchical level:
- R231-992-1-E, RG30M 923029, RG30M 923039, RG30M 890624, RG30-I-E, RG30 1998-00386-8
- Type of material:
- Textual material, Maps and cartographic material, Architectural and technical drawings
- Found in:
- Archives / Collections and Fonds
- Item ID number:
- Link to this page:
This link identifies the web page describing this particular record. Unlike the temporary link in your browser, this link will allow you to access, and reference, this page in the future. To link to this descriptive record, copy and paste the URL where ever needed (wiki, blog, document).http://central.bac-lac.gc.ca/.redirect?app=fonandcol&id=190759&lang=eng
- Context of this record:
Record Information – Details
- Series includes:
22 lower level description(s)View lower level description(s)
- Bilingual equivalent:
- Place of creation:
m of textual records
1 atlas : 45 blueprints, hand col., mounted on linen, some folded ; 48 cm.
1 atlas (16 leaves, bound) : 16 col. maps ; 49 cm.
x maps and profile plans
ca. 359 architectural drawings
0.6 m of architectural drawings
- Language of material:
- Scope and content:
Series consists of records created and/or maintained by companies that comprised the Grand Trunk Pacific system, the most ambitious project undertaken by the Grand Trunk and one that eventually spelled the end of it as an independent and private corporation. Records within the series and various sub-series are textual records, photographs, maps, and architectural drawings. Within the GTP system, there was the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Company (see MIKAN 162865 for more details) as well as numerous subsidiary companies (see lower level descriptions for further details). Cartographic material consists of : RG30M 890624 contains plans and drawings for the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway and subsidiary companies, with the majority of the records concerning the line between Saskatchewan and the terminus at Prince Rupert, B.C. For further details, please seeGrand Trunk Pacific Railway Engineering Department construction plans and drawings. RG30M 923029 contains 100 maps of the Grand Trunk Pacific main, branch and sublines, 1907-1947; RG30 1998-00386-8 consists of maps, plans and surveys pertaining to various townsites in Manitoba and Saskatchewan developed by the Canadian Northern Railway and the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway in the early 1900s. Architectural drawings consist of : RG30M 890624 contains GTP and CN Prairie Region architectural drawings for six projects in Transcona, Winnipeg, Port Arthur, and Capreol. For further details, please see lower level sub-series description Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Engineering Department architectural drawings. RG30M 923039 contains 6 drawings dealing with GTP freight houses and bunkhouses.
- Additional name(s):
- Finding aid:
Cartographic material, architectural drawing (Paper) RG30M 890624: Two listings by regular and long box or container have been prepared from the data base. CN has provided a numerical listing of the drawings along with an index that combines type of drawing i.e. #2 "Yard Layouts" with the geographical area of a section i.e. #54 "Prince William", to form #254 "Prince William Yard Layout". The CN finding aids serve to provide access to these drawings by project name. RG30M 923029; RG30M 923039: Finding aids consists of item listings. RG30 1998-00386-8: The finding aid consists of a verified, electronic word processing file list produced by the archivist consisting of a file list indicating the box number and file title of contents. RG30M 890624; RG30M 923029; RG30M 923039, RG30 1998-00386-8. Finding aids for RG30M 890624, RG30M 923029, and RG30M 923039 are available in main reference room. (90: Open)Cartographic material, architectural drawing (Electronic) RG30M 890624: A data base is available that provides information on the CN number, the container number and the size of each item. RG30M 923029; RG30M 923039: Electronic finding aids exist. RG30M 890624; RG30M 923029; RG30M 923039. Consult the Cartography, Architecture and Geomatics Section. (Restrictions not set)(Electronic) Guide to Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Cartographic Series PDF (90: Open)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf002/GTP_Construction_Guide.pdf(Electronic) Finding aid 30-209 is available as a PDF attached to this record. 30-209 PDF (90: Open)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf002/30-209_GTP_Construction_Plans_Series_A.pdf(Electronic) Finding aid 30-210 is available as a PDF attached to this record. 30-210 (90: Open)
- Additional information:
- General Note:
By the turn of the century the Grand Trunk had become interested in expanding into Western Canada to obtain a share of the traffic now being enjoyed by the Canadian Pacific and Canadian Northern and to participate in the growth and development of the part of the country. The original concept was to build from the most northerly point of the Grand Trunk's Ontario system at Callender, Ontario to the Pacific coast. However, when the Grand Trunk applied for government aid this scheme was drastically altered. The negotiations between the Grand Trunk and the Government were complicated by political as well as commercial factors. In the end, under Dominion Act 3 Ed. VII Cap. 122 of 24 October 1903 The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Company was incorporated. On the same date under Dominion Cap. 71 provision was made for a National Transcontinental Railway from Moncton, New Brunswick to the Pacific Ocean. The line from Moncton to Winnipeg (referred to as the Eastern Division and also as the National Transcontinental (see RG30-IV) was to be built by the Dominion Government, while the Winnipeg to the Pacific portion (known both as the Western Division and the Grand Trunk Pacific) was to be constructed by the Grand Trunk Pacific at its own cost. Upon completion the Eastern Division was to be leased to the Grand Trunk Pacific which was to operate the entire line. Construction of the Grand Trunk Pacific commenced in 1905. The Pacific terminal selected was on an uninhabited part of the northern British Columbia coast which became Prince Rupert. The first section of the line was completed in 1907 and the entire 1,940.46 miles was opened to traffic on 24 August 1914. As this was a completely new enterprise with no western business or connections it was necessary to create a number of ancillary companies to support the parent corporation. The National Construction Company (RG30-I-E-12) was created to assist construction financing while The Grand Trunk Pacific Branch Lines Company (RG30-I-E-2), The Grand Trunk Pacific Saskatchewan Railway Company (RG30-I-E-3) and The Pacific Northern and Omineca Railway Company (RG30-I-E-4) were to provide the branch lines so essential to the traffic of the main line. Trade along the Pacific seaboard was to be the responsibility of The Grand Trunk Pacific Coast Steamship Company (RG30-I-E-5), The Grand Trunk Pacific Dock Company of Seattle (RG30-I-E-6) and The Grand Trunk Pacific Alaska Steamship Company (RG30-I-E-7). Communications and storage facilities were provided by the Grand Trunk Pacific Telegraph Company (RG30-I-E-11) and The Grand Trunk Pacific Terminal Elevator Company (RG30-I-E-10). There were several enterprises at Prince Rupert (RG30-I-E-9) while the Grand Trunk Pacific Development Company (RG30-I-E-8) was responsible for land sales, hotels, docks and similar physical property. One Company, The Saskatchewan Bridge Company (RG30-I-E-13) proved unnecessary. Certain coal mining properties were also acquired by the Grand Trunk Pacific, among them The Bulkley and Telkwa Valley Coal Company (RG30-I-E-14) and the Rail and River Coal Company (RG30-I-E-16). The railway was constructed to a very high standard. However, it was not the success that had been anticipated. Increasing construction costs and fierce competition from the Canadian Pacific and the Canadian Northern (the latter had also become a transcontinental line) were factors as was the failure of Prince Rupert to become a major port. The Government built Eastern Division was completed in November 1913. However, as the cost of construction was far greater than had been anticipated and as the Grand Trunk Pacific was already experiencing financial problems the lease was not taken up and the Government was forced to undertake its operation. With the outbreak of World War I the Grand Trunk Pacific's financial situation deteriorated even further, despite government assistance. On 4 March 1919 the company announced that it would not be able to continue operations after 10 March, if further funds were not forthcoming. The parent Grand Trunk Railroad company was also in difficulties and could not furnish assistance, though it was the Grand Trunk Pacific's guarantor. Therefore, in order to continue the essential railway operations, the Government under Dominion Orders in Council P.C. 517 of 7 March 1919 and P.C. 547 of 13 March 1919 appointed the Minister of Railways and Canals as Receiver to take possession and operate the entire Grand Trunk Pacific System. On 12 June 1920 the operation and management of the system was entrusted to the Board of the Canadian Northern Railway which was operating both the former Canadian Northern and Government owned lines under the title of Canadian National Railways. Thus, the Grand Trunk Pacific effectively became part of Canadian National Railways though its corporate existence continued until 11 June 1956 when it amalgamated with and took the name of the Canadian National Railway Company
- Source of title:
- Title is based on the contents of the series.
- Physical description note:
- RG30M 923039 includes 6 microfiches of architectural drawings.
- Note on the state of conservation:
- RG30M 923039: All of the items were copied, because the prints were so damaged. Originals were disposed. RG30 1998-00386-8: Small percentage of blueprints are torn or ripped. Most maps and plans are in fair to good condition. The townsite maps, plans and blueprints are constructed of linen and paper. The linen records are in the best condition, while paper records tend to be brittle and damaged.
- Custodial history:
- RG30M 890624 was transferred in Feb. 1990 from the CN Prairie Region, and is stored at the Winnipeg office of the Library and Archives Canada (Archival Operations Division). RG30M 923029 was transferred from CN. RG30M 923039 was transferred from Canadian National headquarters in Montreal and delivered by the CN archivist, but it is unknown what CN offices created and had custody of these records. Material for RG30 1998-00386-8 is located at the Winnipeg Federal Records Centre.
- Arrangement note:
- RG30M 1998-00386-8 is arranged alphabetically by townsite name and placed in acid-free file folders.
- Cartographic math data:
- RG30M 890624: Cartographic material, architectural drawings: Scales differ. RG30M 923029: Cartographic material: Scales differ. RG30M 923039: Architectural drawings: Scales differ.
- Availability of other formats note:
- RG30M 890624: Cartographic material: Plans #239, 2290, 2291 (2 sheets), 3319, 3913, 7112, and 7469 (3 sheets) have been microfilmed.
- No further accruals are expected.
- Container note(s):
- Former archival reference no.:
Ordering and Viewing Options
- Conditions of access:
Copyright belongs to the Crown. Cartographic material, architectural drawings: Copyright belongs to the Crown. Credit Library and Archives Canada.
- Date modified: