Charlotte Elizabeth Whitton fonds [multiple media]
Record Information – Brief
Charlotte Elizabeth Whitton fonds [multiple media]
- Hierarchical level:
- R5071-0-5-E, MG30-E256
- Type of material:
- Textual material, Photographs, Art, Sound recordings, Moving images, Architectural and technical drawings, Maps and cartographic material
- Found in:
- Archives / Collections and Fonds
- Item ID number:
- Context of this record:
Record Information – Details
- Fonds includes:
50 lower level description(s)View lower level description(s)
- Place of creation:
15.82 m of textual records.
1,330 photographs 1289 b&w.
18 drawings pencil, black ink.
9 prints engraving, etching.
6 audio discs (2 h).
2 film reels.
22 architectural drawings
4 technical drawings
1 v. (79p.) 28 cm.
- Language of material:
- Scope and content:
The fonds consists of textual records, photographs, art works, audio-visual material, and maps and plans relating to Charlotte Whitton's life and professional career. The textual records comprise general correspondence; finances; personal correspondence, notes cards and printed material; Canadian Welfare Council correspondence and reports; Church of England in Canada; Report on Unemployment Relief in Western Canada; National Employment Commission; Canadian Institute of International Affairs; Dawn of Ampler Life correspondence and manuscripts; Reports to Ontario Government; Alberta Welfare Study; miscellaneous organizations; manuscripts; cities of Canada; Historical Research on Ottawa Valley; printed material; and clippings and scrapbooks. Photographs, postcards, posters, drawings, and cartoons document Charlotte Whitton's political career, travels in Europe, and life in Ottawa; including, a colour transparency of a portrait painting of Charlotte Whitton, a best wishes card for the portrait painting, and a copy of the dedication speech for the painting. The portrait is by Robert Hyndman and was commissioned by the Council of the City of Ottawa. In addition, the fonds contains sound recordings of speeches and interviews given by Charlotte Whitton, 1948-1956; and films depicting Whitton at the 1955 International Plowing Match, and scenes shot at her cottage at McGregor Lake, 1946. In addition, the fonds holds maps, drawings and plans, related primarily to the city of Ottawa and its environs and documenting Charlotte Whitton's involvement in municipal politics (1950-1956 and 1960-1972). Included are annotated maps of federal electoral district of Ottawa West, former city hall site plans and plans documenting the creation of the Ottawa River Parkways as well as recommendations for the future of the Byward Market area. Many maps document the expansion of the city of Ottawa in the 1950s and the connections between the city and the National Capital Commission. Also included are maps of the Renfrew (Ontario) area, road and railway maps of Canada, Great Britain, France, National Geographic Society maps along with tourist maps of Israel, Germany and the United States. There are 16 architectural drawings of an unidentified private residence as well as technical drawings pertaining to the widening of Carling Avenue at the Ottawa Civic Hospital campus site. There are drawings of the layout of various Canadian Pacific trans-Atlantic liners, including the Empress of Scotland, the Duchess of Atholl, the Duchess of Bedford, the Duchess of York and the Duchess of Richmond. Fonds also consists of 5 architectural drawings of a residence designed for Charlotte Whitton by Norman M. Moffatt, architect in 1939.
- Biography/Administrative history:
Whitton, Charlotte, 1896-1975 : Charlotte Whitton, social worker, author, politician, was born in Renfrew and attended Queen's University, 1914-1918, winning medals for English, history and pedagogy. Whitton joined the Social Service of Canada in Toronto as assistant secretary and co-editor of Social Welfare, and then worked as private secretary to Thomas Low, Minister of Trade and Commerce, 1922. Whitton became the first fulltime director of the Canadian Council on Child Welfare in 1926. In the capacity of welfare consultant she investigated unemployment relief in Western Canada, 1932, for the Bennett government and advised the National Employment Commission, 1937. She resigned her post with the Council in late 1941 to take up writing, lecturing and consulting. Whitton undertook several studies on social welfare in the 1940s: a report on social services for all Canadians, The Dawn of Ampler Life (1943), prepared for the federal Conservative leader, John Bracken; two studies for the Ontario government on welfare administration and the treatment of delinquent girls (1944); and a critique of the adoption procedures of the Alberta Welfare Commission at the request of the provincial I.O.D.E. (1947). Whitton also facilitated the evacuation of British children to Canada during the Second World War; wrote articles for several periodicals and newspapers; and published a book on the Ottawa Valley lumber industry - A Hundred Years A-Fellin' (1943). Whitton was elected Controller on Ottawa City Council in 1950, and became the first female mayor of a Canadian city in 1951. Whitton won two more terms in 1952 and 1954. She ran unsuccessfully in the federal riding of Ottawa West as a Progressive Conservative candidate. She returned as Mayor in 1960 and 1962 but was defeated in 1964. Whitton became the alderman from Capital Ward in the 1966 election and subsequently was re-elected until she resigned in 1972. See: Canadian Encyclopedia, p. 1939; Encyclopedia Canadiana, Vol. 10, p. 321.
- Finding aid:
Textual records (Electronic) The finding aid lists the files by volume. MSS1127 (90: Open)
http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000002794.pdfTextual records (Paper) The finding aid lists the holdings of horizontal files. MSS2163 (90: Open)Graphic material (Paper) Drawings and prints (accession no. 1979-076): item level descriptions in binder no. 32. (90: Open)Moving images (Electronic) Refer to MINISIS for item-level descriptions. (90: Open)Cartographic material, architectural, technical drawings. (Paper) Please consult lower level descriptions. Itemized listings are available. 79002/2966; 79003/21; 82903/6. (90: Open)
- Additional information:
- General Note:
- Received in 1975 from the estate of Charlotte Whitton. Photocopies made in 1979 from originals held by Queen's University Archives, Kingston, Ont., Researchers should note that the series are interrelated. It is therefore advisable to consult other appropriate series if unable to locate a particular item.
- Custodial history:
- Charlotte Whitton's civic political records (comprising the series Civic Politics I and II, MG30 E256 vols. 38-78, part of 79, 119-122 and 135-137) were de-accessioned 1 October 2012 to the City of Ottawa Archives.
- Availability of other formats note:
- Photographic: copy negative available PA-121765.
- Associated material note:
- Records of Charlotte Whitton's civic political career are held by the City of Ottawa Archives, while records of her university life are held by Queen's University Archives.
- Subject heading:
- Ottawa (Ont.) - Mayors
- Reconstruction, 1939-1951
- Vimy Ridge, Battle of, France, 1917
- Charlotte Elizabeth Whitton - Will, 1932-1969 Bill King, 1917-1925
- Investments, 1927-1973 Sister Dora, 1918-1966
- Income tax - Canada, 1969 Marjorie Crowther, [1942-1971]
- Family records, 1918-1961 Mollie Crowther, [1942-1971]
- Accounts - 1916-1973 Margaret Crowther, [1942-1971]
- Property, 1936-1969 Fraser-Brace Engineering Company, 1928-1929
- Banks and banking - Records and correspondence, 1925-1973 Rose Margaret Grier, 1922-1967
- Bank deposits, 1925-1973 Renfrew Collegiate, [1869, 1908-1972]
- Bank accounts, 1916-1973 Canadian Welfare Council, [1918-1959]
- Charlotte Elizabeth Whitton - Career in politics and government, [n.d., 1869,1923-1972] Social Service Council of Canada, 1918-1920
- Whitton family - Genealolgy, [1869, 1908-1972] Church of England in Canada. Council for Social Service, 1927-1966
- Authors - Biography, [n.d., 1869, 1923-1972] Anglican Advance Appeal, n.d., 1946-1947
- Politicians - Biography, [n.d., 1869, 1923-1972] Report on Unemployment Relief in Western Canada, 1932
- Social workers - Biography, [n.d., 1869, 1923-1972] Canadian Institute on International Affairs, 1942-1944
- Charlotte Elizabeth Whitton - Biography, [n.d., 1869, 1923-1972] "Canada and the Building of Peace", 1943-1944
- Charlotte Elizabeth Whitton - Career, [n.d., 1869, 1923-1972] Montebello (Québec), 1943-1944
- Canada - Calendars, 1933, 1942-1970 "The Dawn of Ampler Life", 1943, [1937-1945]
- Social problems - Canada, 1918-1941 Alberta Welfare Commission, [1922-1955]
- Child welfare - Canada, 1918-1920, [1919-1941] Royal Commission on Public Welfare, 1947, [1947-1950]
- Lectures and lecturing, 1918-1920 Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire, 1946-1947, [1949-1950]
- Canadian Welfare Council - Constitution, 1934-1939 Ottawa (Ont.). City Council, 1951-1956
- Social work - Canada, [1918-1959] International agencies, [1925-1967]
- Welfare recipients - Canada, [1918-1941] Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, 1943-1960
- Community welfare councils - Canada, 1918-1959 Montreal School of Social Work, 1942-1947
- Canadian Welfare Council - Officials and employees, [1918-1959] James A. Richardson, 1941-1950
- Social Service Council of Canada - Officials and employees, 1918-1920 Outaouais Region (Qué.), [n.d., 17th century, 19th century, 1907-1968]
- Charities - Canada, n.d., 1947-1947 Ottawa Valley (Ont.), [n.d., 17th century, 19th century, 1907-1968]
- Unemployed - Canada, Western, 1932 Canada, 1896-1970
- Unemployed, Services for - Canada, Western, 1932 United States, 1936-1970
- Unemployment - Canada, Western, 1932 Great Britain, 1915-1973
- Social planning - Canada, Western, 1932 Mrs. Thorburn, 1917-1923
- Social welfare - Canada, Western, 1932 Vimy ridge (France), 1967
- Public welfare - Canada, Western, 1932
- Economic assistance, Domestic - Canada, Western, 1932
- Charities - Canada, Western, 1932
- Montebello (Quebec) - Congresses and conventions, 1943-1944
- Social welfare - Canada, [1937-1945]
- Juvenile delinquents - Ontario, 1944
- Criminals - Ontario, 1944
- Delinquent girls - Ontario, 1944
- Ontario. Ministry of Public Welfare - Officials and employees, 1944
- Governmental investigations - Alberta, 1946-1948
- Public welfare - Alberta, 1946-1948
- Adoption - Alberta, 1947-1948
- Ottawa (Ont.) - Politics and government, 1950-1956, [1960-1972]
- Ottawa (Ont.) - Politicians, 1950-1956
- Ottawa (Ont.) - Officials and employees, 1950-1956
- Ottawa (Ont.) - Election campaigns, 1950-1952, 1954, [1960-1972]
- Elections - Ontario - Ottawa, 1950-1952, 1954, [1960-1972]
- Local elections - Ontario, 1950-1952, 1954, [1960-1972]
- Ottawa (Ont.). City Council - Minutes, 1951-1956
- Public welfare - Canada, [1918-1960]
- Social Welfare - Canada, [1918-1960]
- Women and War, [1942-1960]
- James A. Richardson - Biography, 1941-1950
- Television scripts, 1958-1967
- Radio scripts, 1943-1960
- Cities and towns - Canada, 1925-1967
- Ottawa (Ont.) - History, 1907-1968
- Ottawa (Ont.) - History - Research, [n.d., 1963-1965]
- Montebello (Qué.) - History - Research, [n.d., 1963-1965]
- Canada - History - Sources, 17th century
- Canada - History - sources, 19th century
- Charlotte Elizabeth Whitton - Authorship, 1934-1957
- Canada. Canadian Army - History - World War, 1914-1918, 1967
- Church charities - Canada, n.d., 1946-1947
- Church and social problems - Canada, 1927-1966
- Church fund raising - Canada, n.d., 1946-1947
- Statistics - Charts, diagrams, etc., 1930-1936
- Public welfare - Statistics, 1930-1936
- Research - Canada - Provinces, 1937
- Ontario - Officials and employees, 1944
- Statistics, [1960-1972]
- Speeches, addresses, etc
- Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
- World War, 1939-1945
- Guerre mondiale, 1939-1945
- Vimy, Bataille de, 1917
- World War, 1914-1918 France
- Guerre mondiale, 1914-1918 France
- Former archival reference no.:
Ordering and Viewing Options
- Conditions of access:
Photographs: No restrictions on use or reproduction. Various copyrights on items less than 50 years. Copyright expired on items greater than 50 years old. Credit: Name of photographer / National Archives of Canada / Copy negative number. Requests for copies of Charlotte Whitton's portrait are to be referred to Ottawa City Hall where the original painting is located.
Drawings and prints: No restrictions on use or reproduction. Various copyrights. Credit: National Archives of Canada.
Sound recordings: Reproduction and use in any form requires the written permission of the copyright holder. Copyright varies but all material is in the public domain after the year 2010.
Moving images: Reproduction and use in any form require the written permission of the copyright holder.
Architectural, technical drawings: No restrictions. Subject to Copyright Act regulations. Credit Library and Archives Canada.
Cartographic material: No restrictions. Subject to Copyright Act regulations. Credit Library and Archives Canada.
- Date modified: